10-Q
Table of Contents

 
 
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-Q
     
(Mark One)    
þ
  QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
    For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2005
or
 
o
  TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission file no. 1-6686
THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
     
Delaware
  13-1024020
(State of Incorporation)   (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
1114 Avenue of the Americas, New York, New York 10036
(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)
(212) 704-1200
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)
(Former Name, Former Address and Former Fiscal Year, if Changed Since Last Report)
     Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to the filing requirements for at least the past 90 days.     Yes           No þ
      Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an accelerated filer (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).     Yes þ          No o
      Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).     Yes           No þ
      The number of shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding as of November 4, 2005 was 430,526,247
 
 


THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
INDEX
             
        Page
         
 PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
   Financial Statements        
     Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three Months Ended September 30, 2005 and 2004 (Unaudited)     4  
     Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2005 and 2004 (Unaudited)     5  
     Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2005 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2004     6  
     Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2005 and 2004 (Unaudited)     7  
     Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2005 and 2004 (Unaudited)     8  
     Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)     9  
   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations     32  
   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk     60  
   Controls and Procedures     60  
 PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
       
   Legal Proceedings     61  
   Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds     61  
   Exhibits     62  
 SIGNATURES     64  
 INDEX TO EXHIBITS     65  
 EX-3.I: RESTATED CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION
 EX-10.I.C: AMENDMENT NO. 2 TO 3-YEAR CREDIT AGREEMENT
 EX-31.1: CERTIFICATION
 EX-31.2: CERTIFICATION
 EX-32: CERTIFICATION

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STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING DISCLOSURE
      This report contains forward-looking statements. Statements in this report that are not historical facts, including statements about management’s beliefs and expectations, constitute forward-looking statements. These statements are based on current plans, estimates and projections, and are subject to change based on a number of factors, including those outlined in our 2004 Annual Report on Form 10-K/ A under Item 1, Business — Risk Factors. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made, and we undertake no obligation to update publicly any of them in light of new information or future events.
      Forward-looking statements involve inherent risks and uncertainties. A number of important factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement. Such factors include, but are not limited to, the following:
  •  risks arising from material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting, including material weaknesses in our control environment;
 
  •  potential adverse effects to our financial condition, results of operations or prospects as a result of our restatement of prior period financial statements;
 
  •  our ability to satisfy covenants under our syndicated credit facilities;
 
  •  our ability to satisfy certain reporting covenants under our indentures;
 
  •  our ability to attract new clients and retain existing clients;
 
  •  our ability to retain and attract key employees;
 
  •  potential adverse effects if we are required to recognize additional impairment charges or other adverse accounting-related developments;
 
  •  potential adverse developments in connection with the ongoing SEC investigation;
 
  •  potential downgrades in the credit ratings of our securities;
 
  •  risks associated with the effects of global, national and regional economic and political conditions, including with respect to fluctuations in interest rates and currency exchange rates; and
 
  •  developments from changes in the regulatory and legal environment for advertising and marketing and communications services companies around the world.
      Investors should carefully consider these factors and the additional risk factors outlined in more detail in our 2004 Annual Report on Form 10-K/ A under Item 1, Business — Risk Factors.
AVAILABLE INFORMATION
      Information regarding our Annual Report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and any amendments to these reports, will be made available, free of charge, at our website at http://www.interpublic.com, as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such reports with, or furnish them to, the SEC. Any document that we file with the SEC may also be read and copied at the SEC’s Public Reference Room located at Room 1580, 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, DC 20549. Please call the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330 for further information on the public reference room. Our filings are also available to the public from the SEC’s website at http://www.sec.gov, and at the offices of the New York Stock Exchange. For further information on obtaining copies of our public filings at the New York Stock Exchange, please call (212) 656-5060.
      Our Corporate Governance Guidelines, Code of Conduct and each of the charters for the Audit Committee, Compensation Committee and the Corporate Governance Committee are available free of charge on our website at http://www.interpublic.com, or by writing to The Interpublic Group of Companies, Inc., 1114 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10036, Attention: Secretary.

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EXPLANATORY NOTE
      On September 30, 2005, we restated our prior period financial results, including our Consolidated Statement of Operations for the quarter ended September 30, 2004 and Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2004. The restatement is set forth in our 2004 Annual Report on Form 10-K/ A. Our Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2004 and the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2004 in this report are presented as restated. For information on the restatement and the impact of the restatement on our financial statements for the periods ended September 30, 2004, we refer you to Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, Note 2, Restatement of Previously Filed Financial Statements, and Note 20, Results by Quarter, in our 2004 Annual Report on Form 10-K/ A.

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Part I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)
                   
    Three Months Ended
    September 30,
     
    2005   2004
         
        (Restated)
REVENUE
  $ 1,442.2     $ 1,519.1  
             
OPERATING (INCOME) EXPENSES:
               
 
Salaries and related expenses
    963.8       925.3  
 
Office and general expenses
    575.4       556.3  
 
Restructuring charges (reversals)
    (0.9 )     1.1  
 
Long-lived asset impairment and other charges
    0.7       307.6  
 
Motorsports contract termination costs
          33.6  
             
Total operating (income) expenses
    1,539.0       1,823.9  
             
OPERATING LOSS
    (96.8 )     (304.8 )
             
EXPENSES AND OTHER INCOME:
               
 
Interest expense
    (47.2 )     (42.7 )
 
Debt prepayment penalty
    (1.4 )      
 
Interest income
    21.8       11.1  
 
Investment impairments
    (1.5 )     (33.8 )
 
Other income (expense)
    0.9       (0.7 )
             
Total expenses and other income
    (27.4 )     (66.1 )
             
Loss from continuing operations before provision for (benefit of) income taxes
    (124.2 )     (370.9 )
 
Provision for (benefit of) income taxes
    (29.9 )     130.0  
             
Loss from continuing operations of consolidated companies
    (94.3 )     (500.9 )
 
Income applicable to minority interests (net of tax)
    (4.6 )     (4.4 )
 
Equity in net income of unconsolidated affiliates (net of tax)
    2.4       2.3  
             
Loss from continuing operations
    (96.5 )     (503.0 )
Income from discontinued operations (net of tax)
          6.5  
             
Net loss
    (96.5 )     (496.5 )
Dividends on preferred stock
    5.0       5.0  
             
NET LOSS APPLICABLE TO COMMON STOCKHOLDERS
  $ (101.5 )   $ (501.5 )
             
Loss per share of common stock:
               
Basic and diluted
               
 
Continuing operations
  $ (0.24 )   $ (1.22 )
 
Discontinued operations
          0.02  
             
Total*
  $ (0.24 )   $ (1.21 )
             
Weighted-average shares:
               
 
Basic and diluted
    425.3       415.4  
 
Does not add due to rounding
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)
                   
    Nine Months Ended
    September 30,
     
    2005   2004
         
        (Restated)
REVENUE
  $ 4,388.7     $ 4,421.3  
             
OPERATING (INCOME) EXPENSES:
               
 
Salaries and related expenses
    2,893.0       2,710.5  
 
Office and general expenses
    1,641.1       1,619.8  
 
Restructuring charges (reversals)
    (9.7 )     66.6  
 
Long-lived asset impairment and other charges
    0.7       316.4  
 
Motorsports contract termination costs
          113.6  
             
Total operating (income) expenses
    4,525.1       4,826.9  
             
OPERATING LOSS
    (136.4 )     (405.6 )
             
EXPENSES AND OTHER INCOME:
               
 
Interest expense
    (137.1 )     (128.6 )
 
Debt prepayment penalty
    (1.4 )      
 
Interest income
    53.2       31.3  
 
Investment impairments
    (5.1 )     (37.0 )
 
Other income
    20.0       2.8  
             
Total expenses and other income
    (70.4 )     (131.5 )
             
Loss from continuing operations before provision for income taxes
    (206.8 )     (537.1 )
 
Provision for income taxes
    14.8       131.6  
             
Loss from continuing operations of consolidated companies
    (221.6 )     (668.7 )
 
Income applicable to minority interests (net of tax)
    (9.5 )     (11.2 )
 
Equity in net income of unconsolidated affiliates (net of tax)
    5.2       4.7  
             
Loss from continuing operations
    (225.9 )     (675.2 )
Income from discontinued operations (net of tax)
          6.5  
             
Net loss
    (225.9 )     (668.7 )
Dividends on preferred stock
    15.0       14.8  
             
NET LOSS APPLICABLE TO COMMON STOCKHOLDERS
  $ (240.9 )   $ (683.5 )
             
Loss per share of common stock:
               
Basic and diluted
               
 
Continuing operations
  $ (0.57 )   $ (1.67 )
 
Discontinued operations
          0.02  
             
Total
  $ (0.57 )   $ (1.65 )
             
Weighted-average shares:
               
 
Basic and diluted
    424.7       414.4  
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
                   
    September 30,   December 31,
    2005   2004
         
    (Unaudited)    
ASSETS:
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 1,346.7     $ 1,550.4  
Short-term marketable securities
    2.0       420.0  
Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $130.9 and $136.1
    4,469.2       4,907.5  
Expenditures billable to clients
    430.8       345.2  
Deferred income taxes
    268.8       261.0  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
    147.2       152.6  
             
 
Total current assets
    6,664.7       7,636.7  
Land, buildings and equipment, net
    673.7       722.9  
Deferred income taxes
    295.5       274.2  
Investments
    169.2       168.7  
Goodwill
    3,166.0       3,141.6  
Other assets
    316.4       328.2  
             
TOTAL ASSETS
  $ 11,285.5     $ 12,272.3  
             
 
LIABILITIES:
Accounts payable
  $ 5,656.5     $ 6,128.7  
Accrued liabilities
    828.0       1,108.6  
Short-term debt
    66.7       325.9  
             
 
Total current liabilities
    6,551.2       7,563.2  
Long-term debt
    2,184.0       1,936.0  
Deferred compensation and employee benefits
    583.7       590.7  
Other non-current liabilities
    473.9       464.1  
             
TOTAL LIABILITIES
    9,792.8       10,554.0  
             
Commitments and contingencies (Note 17)
               
TOTAL STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
    1,492.7       1,718.3  
             
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
  $ 11,285.5     $ 12,272.3  
             
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)
                   
    Nine Months Ended
    September 30,
     
    2005   2004
         
        (Restated)
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
               
 
Loss from continuing operations
  $ (225.9 )   $ (675.2 )
Adjustments to reconcile loss from continuing operations to cash provided by operating activities:
               
 
Depreciation and amortization of fixed assets and intangible assets
    121.6       135.2  
 
Provision for bad debt
    24.0       32.4  
 
Amortization of restricted stock awards and other non-cash compensation
    29.2       27.3  
 
Amortization of bond discounts and deferred financing costs
    8.8       16.3  
 
Deferred income tax provision
    (29.2 )     46.7  
 
Equity in net income of unconsolidated affiliates, net of dividends
    (1.2 )     2.1  
 
Income applicable to minority interests
    9.5       11.2  
 
Restructuring charges — non-cash
          6.7  
 
Long-lived asset impairment and other charges
    0.7       316.4  
 
Investment impairments
    5.1       37.0  
 
Gain on sale of investments
    (13.9 )      
 
Other
    (3.0 )     (7.2 )
Change in assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:
               
 
Accounts receivable
    212.6       17.9  
 
Expenditures billable to clients
    (94.9 )     (81.5 )
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
    (1.3 )     31.2  
 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
    (477.0 )     (28.6 )
 
Other non-current assets and liabilities
    69.8       3.7  
             
 
Net cash used in operating activities from continuing operations
    (365.1 )     (108.4 )
             
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
               
 
Acquisitions, including deferred payments, net of cash acquired
    (86.4 )     (143.8 )
 
Capital expenditures
    (99.2 )     (119.3 )
 
Proceeds from sales of businesses and fixed assets
    10.8       28.1  
 
Proceeds from sales of investments
    63.7       22.9  
 
Purchases of investments
    (34.3 )     (15.9 )
 
Maturities of short-term marketable securities
    689.5       865.0  
 
Purchases of short-term marketable securities
    (271.3 )     (1,067.5 )
 
Proceeds from the sale of discontinued operations, net of cash sold
          10.0  
             
 
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities from continuing operations
    272.8       (420.5 )
             
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
               
 
Increase (decrease) in short-term bank borrowings
    (281.0 )     3.1  
 
Payments of long-term debt
    (2.8 )     (245.1 )
 
Proceeds from long-term debt
    253.4       1.0  
 
Debt issuance costs and consent fees
    (17.6 )     (2.3 )
 
Issuance of common stock, net of issuance costs
    0.2       0.7  
 
Distributions to minority interests, net
    (18.7 )     (17.3 )
 
Preferred stock dividends
    (15.0 )     (14.8 )
             
 
Net cash used in financing activities from continuing operations
    (81.5 )     (274.7 )
             
Effect of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents
    (29.9 )     (4.3 )
             
Decrease in cash and cash equivalents
    (203.7 )     (807.9 )
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year
    1,550.4       1,871.9  
             
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
  $ 1,346.7     $ 1,064.0  
             
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)
                                   
    For the Three Months   For the Nine Months
    Ended September 30,   Ended September 30,
         
    2005   2004   2005   2004
                 
        (Restated)       (Restated)
Net Loss
  $ (96.5 )   $ (496.5 )   $ (225.9 )   $ (668.7 )
Net foreign currency translation adjustment
    15.6       16.6       (44.2 )     (25.2 )
Net unrealized holdings gain (loss) on securities
                               
 
Unrealized holdings gain arising in the current period
    0.3             18.0       1.6  
 
Unrealized holdings loss arising in the current period
          (1.1 )           (1.8 )
 
Reclassification of gain to net earnings
    (0.2 )           (0.4 )      
 
Reclassification of loss to net earnings
                      3.2  
                         
Net unrealized holdings gain (loss) on securities
    0.1       (1.1 )     17.6       3.0  
                         
Total Comprehensive Loss
  $ (80.8 )   $ (481.0 )   $ (252.5 )   $ (690.9 )
                         
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)
Note 1: Basis of Presentation
      Restatement. In our 2004 Annual Report on Form 10-K/ A, we restated our prior period financial results, including our Consolidated Statement of Operations for the quarter ended September 30, 2004 and Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2004. Our Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2004, and the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2004 in this report have been presented as restated. For information on the restatement and the impact of the restatement on our financial statements for the periods ended September 30, 2004, we refer you to Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, Note 2, Restatement of Previously Issued Financial Statements, and Note 20, Results by Quarter, in our 2004 Annual Report on Form 10-K/A.
      Basis of Presentation. The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared by The Interpublic Group of Companies, Inc. (the “Company”, “we”, “us” or “our”) pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and, in the opinion of management, include all adjustments of a normal and recurring nature necessary for a fair statement of the Consolidated Statements of Operations, Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows and Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss for each period presented. The consolidated results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results for the full year. These financial results should be read in conjunction with our Annual Report on Form 10-K/A for the year ended December 31, 2004.
Note 2: Loss Per Share
      The following sets forth the computation of basic and diluted loss per common share for income available to common stockholders:
                                 
    For the Three   For the Nine
    Months Ended   Months Ended
    September 30,   September 30,
         
    2005   2004   2005   2004
                 
        (Restated)       (Restated)
Basic and Diluted
                               
Loss from continuing operations
  $ (96.5 )   $ (503.0 )   $ (225.9 )   $ (675.2 )
Less: preferred stock dividends
    5.0       5.0       15.0       14.8  
                         
      (101.5 )     (508.0 )     (240.9 )     (690.0 )
Income from discontinued operations, net of taxes of $3.5
          6.5             6.5  
                         
Net loss applicable to common stockholders
  $ (101.5 )   $ (501.5 )   $ (240.9 )   $ (683.5 )
                         
Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding — basic and diluted
    425.3       415.4       424.7       414.4  
Loss per share from continuing operations
  $ (0.24 )   $ (1.22 )   $ (0.57 )   $ (1.67 )
Earnings per share from discontinued operations
          0.02             0.02  
                         
Loss per share — basic and diluted*
  $ (0.24 )   $ (1.21 )   $ (0.57 )   $ (1.65 )
                         
 
Does not add due to rounding.

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)
      Diluted and basic shares outstanding and loss per share are equal for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2005 and 2004 due to the anti-dilutive impact of our stock options, restricted stock and convertible securities as a result of the net loss applicable to common stockholders in all related periods. The following table presents the weighted-average number of incremental anti-dilutive shares excluded from the computations of diluted loss per share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2005 and 2004:
                                   
    For the Three   For the Nine
    Months Ended   Months Ended
    September 30,   September 30,
         
    2005   2004   2005   2004
                 
        (Restated)       (Restated)
Stock Options, Non-vested Restricted Stock Awards and Restricted Stock Units
    5.4       3.0       4.9       4.0  
1.80% Convertible Notes
                      0.5  
1.87% Convertible Notes
          6.4             6.4  
4.50% Convertible Notes
    64.4       64.4       64.4       64.4  
Series A Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock
    27.7       27.7       27.7       25.8  
                         
 
Total
    97.5       101.5       97.0       101.1  
                         
Note 3: Stock-Based Compensation
      In accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (“SFAS”) No. 123, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation, we have accounted for our various stock-based compensation plans under the intrinsic value recognition and measurement principles of Accounting Principles Board (“APB”) Opinion No. 25, Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees.
      Generally, the exercise price of stock options granted equals the market price of the underlying shares on the date of the grant and, therefore, no compensation expense is recorded. The intrinsic value of restricted stock grants and certain other stock-based compensation issued to employees and Board Members as of the date of grant is amortized to compensation expense over the vesting period. Certain stock options and restricted stock units are subject to variable accounting. If compensation expense for our stock option plans and Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”) had been determined based on the fair value at the grant dates as defined by SFAS No. 123 and amended by SFAS No. 148, Accounting for

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)
Stock-Based Compensation — Transition and Disclosure — An Amendment of FASB No. 123, our pro forma loss from continuing operations and loss from continuing operations would have been as follows:
                                   
    For the Three   For the Nine
    Months Ended   Months Ended
    September 30,   September 30,
         
    2005   2004   2005   2004
                 
        (Restated)       (Restated)
As reported, loss from continuing operations
  $ (96.5 )   $ (503.0 )   $ (225.9 )   $ (675.2 )
Add back:
                               
 
Stock-based employee compensation expense included in loss from continuing operations, net of tax
    8.7       7.2       25.3       18.1  
Less:
                               
 
Total fair value of stock-based employee compensation expense, net of tax
    (13.7 )     (14.8 )     (41.2 )     (41.4 )
                         
Pro forma loss from continuing operations
  $ (101.5 )   $ (510.6 )   $ (241.8 )   $ (698.5 )
                         
Loss per share from continuing operations
                               
Basic and diluted loss per share*
                               
 
As reported
  $ (0.24 )   $ (1.22 )   $ (0.57 )   $ (1.67 )
 
Pro forma
  $ (0.24 )   $ (1.23 )   $ (0.57 )   $ (1.69 )
 
Diluted loss per share from continuing operations is equal to basic loss per share from continuing operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2005 and 2004 due to the anti-dilutive impact of our stock options, restricted stock and convertible securities as a result of the net loss applicable to common stockholders in all related periods.
      For purposes of this pro forma information, the weighted-average fair value of the 15% discount received by employees on the date that stock was purchased under the ESPP was $1.70 for the three months ended September 30, 2004 and $1.97 and $2.09 for the nine months ended September 30, 2005 and 2004, respectively, and is included in the total fair value of stock-based employee compensation expense. No stock was purchased under the ESPP during the second or third quarter of 2005 and the ESPP expired effective June 30, 2005.
      We use the Black-Scholes option-pricing model which requires the input of subjective assumptions, including the option’s expected life and the price volatility of the underlying stock. Changes in the assumptions can materially affect the estimate of fair value of options granted and our pro forma results of operations could be materially impacted. In light of recent guidance in Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 107, Share-Based Payment, we reevaluated the assumptions used to estimate the value of stock options granted in the third quarter of 2005. The following assumptions have been modified:
      Expected Volatility: We determined that implied volatility of publicly traded options in our common stock is expected to be more reflective of market conditions and, therefore, can be a reasonable indicator of expected volatility of our common stock, rather than based only on historical volatility of common stock. Therefore, we revised the expected volatility factor used to estimate the fair value of stock-options awarded during the third quarter of 2005 to be based on a blend of historical volatility of our common stock and implied volatility of our tradable forward put and call options to purchase and sell shares of our common stock. Prior to the third quarter of 2005, we estimated future volatility based on historical

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)
volatility of our common stock over the most recent period commensurate with the estimated expected life of our stock options.
      Expected Option Lives: In the third quarter of 2005, we revised our estimate of expected life based on our review of historical patterns for exercises of stock options. We took the average of (1) an assumption that all outstanding options are exercised upon achieving their full vesting date and (2) an assumption that all outstanding options will be exercised at the midpoint between the current date (i.e., the date awards have ratably vested through) and their full contractual term. In determining the estimate, we considered several factors, including the historical option exercise behavior of our employees and the terms and vesting periods of the options granted.
      The fair value of each option grant has been estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model with the following assumptions:
                                 
    For the Three   For the Nine
    Months Ended   Months Ended
    September 30,   September 30,
         
    2005   2004   2005   2004
                 
        (Restated)       (Restated)
Expected option lives
    5.7 years       6 years       5.8 years       6 years  
Risk free interest rate
    4.2 %     4.0 %     4.0 %     4.1 %
Expected volatility
    38.6 %     44.7 %     41.0 %     44.7 %
Dividend yield
    0.0 %     0.0 %     0.0 %     0.0 %
Weighted-average option grant price
  $ 12.19     $ 12.76     $ 12.43     $ 14.32  
Weighted-average fair value of options granted
  $ 5.27     $ 6.20     $ 5.63     $ 6.97  
Note 4: Acquisitions and Dispositions
Acquisitions
      We did not make any acquisitions during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2005. We acquired one company during the first nine months of 2004 for $6.8 in cash. The results of operations of this acquired company were included in our consolidated results from its respective acquisition date. During the three months ended September 30, 2005 and 2004, we made stock payments related to acquisitions made in prior years of $0.4 and $2.1. We also made stock payments related to acquisitions initiated in prior years of $12.1 and $17.9 during the nine months ended September 30, 2005 and 2004, respectively. Details of cash paid for new and prior acquisitions are as follows:
                                   
    For the Three   For the Nine
    Months Ended   Months Ended
    September 30,   September 30,
         
    2005   2004   2005   2004
                 
        (Restated)       (Restated)
Cash paid for current year acquisitions
  $     $ 0.3     $     $ 6.8  
Cash paid for prior acquisitions
    30.9       7.2       86.4       137.0  
                         
 
Net cash paid for acquisitions
  $ 30.9     $ 7.5     $ 86.4     $ 143.8  
                         
Dispositions
      Throughout 2005 we completed the sale of several businesses, in both our Integrated Agency Networks (“IAN”) and Constituency Management Group (“CMG”) segments. For information on our

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)
business units that are included in each segment, please see Note 16. The results of operations as well as the gain or loss on sale of each of these agencies was not material to the consolidated financial statements in any of the periods presented.
Motorsports —
      On January 12, 2004, we completed the sale of a business comprising the four Motorsports circuits, including Brands Hatch, Oulton Park, Cadwell Park and Snetterton, owned by our Brands Hatch subsidiaries, to MotorSport Vision Limited. The consideration for the sale was approximately $26.0. An additional contingent amount of approximately $4.0 may be paid to us depending upon the future financial results of the operations sold.
      On April 19, 2004, we reached an agreement with the Formula One Administration Limited (“FOA”) to terminate and release our respective guarantee and promoter obligations relating to the British Grand Prix held at the Silverstone racetrack in the United Kingdom (“UK”). Under this agreement, we were released from our obligations following the British Grand Prix in July 2004. In exchange for the early termination of the obligations and liabilities, we paid a total of $93.0 to the FOA in two installments of $46.5 each on April 19, 2004 and May 24, 2004. A pre-tax charge of $80.0 was recorded in Motorsports contract termination costs related to this transaction during the second quarter of 2004, net of approximately $13.0 in existing reserves related to the termination of this agreement.
      On July 1, 2004, the British Racing Drivers Club (“BRDC”) agreed to vary the terms of the lease agreement relating to the Silverstone race track and we entered into a series of agreements regarding the potential termination of our remaining Motorsports obligations in the UK. These agreements gave us the right to terminate our lease obligations at the Silverstone race track and related agreements, which we exercised on November 1, 2004. In connection with these agreements, we paid the BRDC approximately $49.0 in three installments. The first installment of approximately $24.5 was paid on July 1, 2004, the second installment of approximately $16.0 was paid on September 30, 2004, and the third installment of approximately $8.5 was paid on October 7, 2004. As a result of these agreements, we recorded a pre-tax charge in the third quarter of 2004 of $33.6 in Motorsports contract termination costs. This charge is net of existing reserves of $9.9. The payments also include $5.5 in office and general expenses reflecting the amount of lease expense associated with our continued use of the leased property through the third and fourth quarters of 2004.
NFO —
      In July 2004, we received $10.0 from Taylor Nelson Sofres plc (“TNS”) as a final payment with respect to the sale of NFO, which resulted in a $6.5 gain, net of tax. The results of NFO are classified as a discontinued operation in accordance with SFAS No. 144, Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long Lived Assets, and, accordingly, the results of operations and cash flows have been removed from our results of continuing operations and cash flows for prior periods.

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)
Note 5: Restructuring Charges (Reversals)
      During the three months ended September 30, 2005 and 2004, we recorded net (reversals) and charges related to lease termination and other exit costs and severance and termination costs for the 2003 and 2001 restructuring programs of ($0.9) and $1.1, respectively, which included the impact of adjustments resulting from changes in management’s estimates as described below. For the nine months ended September 30, 2005 and 2004, we recorded net (reversals) and charges of ($9.7) and $66.6, respectively. The 2003 program was initiated in response to softness in demand for advertising and marketing services. The 2001 program was initiated following the acquisition of True North Communications Inc. and was designed to integrate the acquisition and improve productivity. Total inception to date net charges for the 2003 and 2001 programs were $223.6 and $639.2, respectively. Substantially all activities under the 2003 and 2001 programs have been completed. A summary of the net (reversals) and charges by segment is as follows:
                                                           
    For the Three Months Ended September 30,    
         
    Lease Termination and   Severance and    
    Other Exit Costs   Termination Costs    
             
    2003   2001       2003   2001        
    Program   Program   Total   Program   Program   Total   Total
                             
2005 Restructuring Charges (Reversals)
                                                       
IAN
  $ (1.3 )   $ (0.1 )   $ (1.4 )   $ (0.1 )   $     $ (0.1 )   $ (1.5 )
CMG
    0.2       0.7       0.9       (0.3 )           (0.3 )     0.6  
                                           
 
Total
  $ (1.1 )   $ 0.6     $ (0.5 )   $ (0.4 )   $     $ (0.4 )   $ (0.9 )
                                           
2004 Restructuring Charges (Reversals)(Restated)
                                                       
IAN
  $ 9.2     $ (0.3 )   $ 8.9     $ (0.7 )   $     $ (0.7 )   $ 8.2  
CMG
    (7.3 )     0.7       (6.6 )     (0.1 )           (0.1 )     (6.7 )
Corporate
          (0.2 )     (0.2 )     (0.1 )     (0.1 )     (0.2 )     (0.4 )
                                           
 
Total
  $ 1.9     $ 0.2     $ 2.1     $ (0.9 )   $ (0.1 )   $ (1.0 )   $ 1.1  
                                           

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)
                                                           
    For the Nine Months Ended September 30,    
         
    Lease Termination and   Severance and    
    Other Exit Costs   Termination Costs    
             
    2003   2001       2003   2001        
    Program   Program   Total   Program   Program   Total   Total
                             
2005 Restructuring Charges
(Reversals)
                                                       
IAN
  $ (5.7 )   $ (0.8 )   $ (6.5 )   $ (0.3 )   $     $ (0.3 )   $ (6.8 )
CMG
    (0.8 )     (1.0 )     (1.8 )     (0.5 )           (0.5 )     (2.3 )
Corporate
    (0.1 )     (0.5 )     (0.6 )                       (0.6 )
                                           
 
Total
  $ (6.6 )   $ (2.3 )   $ (8.9 )   $ (0.8 )   $     $ (0.8 )   $ (9.7 )
                                           
2004 Restructuring Charges (Reversals)(Restated)
                                                       
IAN
  $ 37.8     $ (6.8 )   $ 31.0     $ 14.4     $ (4.3 )   $ 10.1     $ 41.1  
CMG
    8.9       7.8       16.7       5.4       (0.7 )     4.7       21.4  
Corporate
    4.3       (0.2 )     4.1       0.1       (0.1 )           4.1  
                                           
 
Total
  $ 51.0     $ 0.8     $ 51.8     $ 19.9     $ (5.1 )   $ 14.8     $ 66.6  
                                           
Lease Termination and Other Exit Costs
2003 Program
      Net (reversals) and charges for the three months ended September 30, 2005 and 2004 were ($1.1) and $1.9, respectively, comprised of charges of $0.3 and $9.8, offset by adjustments to management estimates of ($1.4) and ($7.9), respectively. Net (reversals) and charges for the nine months ended September 30, 2005 and 2004, were ($6.6) and $51.0, respectively, comprised of charges of $2.1 and $70.3, offset by adjustments to management estimates of ($8.7) and ($19.3), respectively. Charges were recorded at net present value and net of estimated sublease rental income. The discount related to lease terminations is being amortized over the expected remaining term of the related lease and is the primary amount included as charges for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2005. In addition, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2004, charges were recorded for vacating 4 and 40 offices, respectively, located primarily in the US and Europe. Given the remaining life of the vacated leased properties, cash payments are expected to be made through 2015.
      In addition to amounts recorded as restructuring charges, we recorded charges of $0.6 and $10.9 during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2004, respectively, related to the accelerated amortization of leasehold improvements on properties included in the 2003 program. These charges were included in office and general expenses on our Consolidated Statements of Operations.
2001 Program
      Net charges related to lease termination and other exit costs of $0.6 and $0.2 for the three months ended September 30, 2005 and 2004, respectively, resulted from the impact of adjustments to management estimates. Net (reversals) and charges of ($2.3) and $0.8 for the nine months ended September 30, 2005 and 2004, respectively, resulted from the impact of adjustments to management estimates. Given the remaining life of the vacated leased properties, cash payments are expected to be made through 2024.

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)
Adjustments to Estimates
      Lease termination and other exit costs for the 2003 and 2001 restructuring programs included the net impact of adjustments for changes in management estimates, which decreased the reserves by $0.8 and $7.7 for the three months ended September 30, 2005 and 2004, respectively. The net decrease to the restructuring reserves was $11.0 and $18.5 for the nine months ended September 30, 2005 and 2004, respectively. Adjustments to management estimates of net lease obligations included both increases and decreases to the restructuring reserve balance as a result of several factors. The significant factors were our negotiation of terms upon the exit of leased properties, changes in sublease rental income and utilization of previously vacated properties by certain of our agencies due to improved economic conditions in certain markets, all of which occurred during the period in which the related adjustment to the reserve was recorded.
Severance and Termination Costs
2003 Program
      Net reversals related to severance and termination costs of ($0.4) for the three months ended September 30, 2005, resulted from the impact of adjustments to management’s estimates. Net reversals for the three months ended September 30, 2004 were ($0.9), comprised of charges of $0.4, offset by adjustments to management estimates of ($1.3). Net reversals related to severance and termination costs of ($0.8) for the nine months ended September 30, 2005, resulted from the impact of adjustments to management’s estimates. Net charges for the nine months ended September 30, 2004 were $19.9, comprised of charges of $24.9, partially offset by adjustments to management estimates of ($5.0). Charges during the nine months ended September 30, 2004 related to a worldwide workforce reduction of approximately 400 employees. The restructuring program affected employee groups across all levels and functions, including executive, regional and account management and administrative, creative and media production personnel. The majority of the severance charges related to the US and Europe, with the remainder in Asia and Latin America.
2001 Program
      There were no net (reversals) or charges related to severance and termination costs for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2005. Net reversals of ($0.1) and ($5.1) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2004, respectively, resulted from the impact of adjustments to management estimates.
Adjustments to Estimates
      Severance and termination costs associated with the 2003 and 2001 restructuring programs included the net impact of adjustments for changes in management estimates, which decreased the restructuring reserves by $0.4 and $1.4 for the three months ended September 30, 2005 and 2004, respectively. The net decrease to the restructuring reserves was $0.8 and $10.1 for the nine months ended September 30, 2005 and 2004, respectively. Adjustments to management estimates of severance and termination obligations included both increases and decreases to the restructuring reserve balance as a result of several factors. The significant factors were the decrease in the number of terminated employees, change in amounts paid to terminated employees and change in estimates of taxes and restricted stock payments related to terminated employees, all of which occurred during the period in which the related adjustment to the reserve was recorded.

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)
      A summary of the remaining liability for the 2003 and 2001 restructuring programs is as follows:
                                                   
    Liability at                   Liability at
    12/31/04   Charges   Payments   Adjustments   Other   9/30/05
                         
2003 Program
                                               
Lease termination and other exit costs
  $ 51.0     $ 2.1     $ (16.3 )   $ (8.7 )   $ (2.1 )   $ 26.0  
Severance and termination costs
    7.2             (2.8 )     (0.8 )     (0.4 )     3.2  
                                     
 
Total
  $ 58.2     $ 2.1     $ (19.1 )   $ (9.5 )   $ (2.5 )   $ 29.2  
                                     
2001 Program
                                               
Lease termination and other exit costs
  $ 37.2     $     $ (11.7 )   $ (2.3 )   $ 0.2     $ 23.4  
Severance and termination costs
    1.6             (0.9 )                 0.7  
                                     
 
Total
  $ 38.8     $     $ (12.6 )   $ (2.3 )   $ 0.2     $ 24.1  
                                     
Note 6: Land, Building and Equipment
      The following table provides a summary of the components of land, buildings and equipment:
                 
    September 30,   December 31,
    2005   2004
         
Land and buildings
  $ 100.5     $ 111.1  
Furniture and equipment
    1,030.7       1,038.6  
Leasehold improvements
    565.8       571.3  
             
      1,697.0       1,721.0  
Less: accumulated depreciation
    (1,023.3 )     (998.1 )
             
Land, buildings and equipment, net
  $ 673.7     $ 722.9  
             
Note 7: Goodwill
      Goodwill is the excess purchase price remaining from an acquisition after an allocation of purchase price has been made to identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on estimated fair values. In order to determine the fair value of net assets for new agency acquisitions, valuations are performed based on several factors, including the type of service offered, competitive market position, brand reputation and geographic coverage. Considering the characteristics of advertising, specialized marketing and communication services companies, our acquisitions usually do not have significant amounts of tangible and other intangible net assets. As a result, a substantial portion of the purchase price is allocated to goodwill. Changes to goodwill include both current year and deferred payments related to acquisitions. We perform an impairment review of goodwill annually or whenever events or significant changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable.

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)
      The changes in the carrying value of goodwill by segment for the nine months ended September 30, 2005 are as follows:
                           
    IAN   CMG   Total
             
Balance as of December 31, 2004
  $ 2,753.5     $ 388.1     $ 3,141.6  
 
Goodwill from prior acquisitions
    34.0       37.8       71.8  
 
Other (primarily currency translation)
    (40.8 )     (6.6 )     (47.4 )
                   
Balance as of September 30, 2005
  $ 2,746.7     $ 419.3     $ 3,166.0  
                   
Note 8: Long-Lived Asset Impairment and Other Charges
      The following table summarizes long-lived asset impairment and other charges:
                                                                                   
    For the Three Months Ended September 30,   For the Nine Months Ended September 30,
         
        2004       2004
    2005   (Restated)   2005   (Restated)
                 
            Motor-               Motor-    
    IAN   IAN   CMG   sports   Total   IAN   IAN   CMG   sports   Total
                                         
Goodwill impairment
  $ 0.2     $ 216.2     $ 90.4     $     $ 306.6     $ 0.2     $ 220.2     $ 90.4     $     $ 310.6  
Fixed asset impairment
    0.5       0.1       0.4       0.4       0.9       0.5       1.1       0.4       2.7       4.2  
Other
          0.1                   0.1             1.6                   1.6  
                                                             
 
Total
  $ 0.7     $ 216.4     $ 90.8     $ 0.4     $ 307.6     $ 0.7     $ 222.9     $ 90.8     $ 2.7     $ 316.4  
                                                             
2004 Impairments
      IAN — During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2004, we recorded goodwill impairment charges of approximately $216.2 and $220.2 at The Partnership reporting unit, which was comprised of Lowe Worldwide, Draft, Mullen, Dailey & Associates and Berenter Greenhouse & Webster. Our long-term projections showed previously unanticipated declines in discounted future operating cash flows due to recent client losses, reduced client spending and declining industry valuation metrics. These discounted future operating cash flow projections caused the estimated fair values of The Partnership to be less than their book values. The Partnership was subsequently disbanded in the fourth quarter of 2004.
      CMG — During both the three and nine months ended September 30, 2004, we recorded goodwill impairment charges of approximately $90.4 at the CMG reporting unit, which is comprised of Weber Shandwick, Golin Harris, DeVries Public Relations and FutureBrand. The fair value of CMG was adversely affected by declining industry market valuation metrics, specifically, a decrease in the EBITDA multiples used in the underlying valuation calculations. The impact of the lower EBITDA multiples caused the calculated fair value of CMG goodwill to be less than the related book value.
Note 9: Expense and Other Income
Investment Impairments
      We recorded investment impairments of $1.5 and $33.8 for the three months ended September 30, 2005 and 2004, respectively. We recorded investment impairments of $5.1 and $37.0 for the nine months ended September 30, 2005 and 2004, respectively. For the nine months ended September 30, 2005, the principal components of the investment impairments were a $3.6 charge related to a decline in value of certain available-for-sale investments that were determined to be other than temporary, recorded during

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)
the second quarter of 2005, as well as a $1.5 charge related to an impairment of an unconsolidated investment, which was recorded in the third quarter of 2005. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2004, the principal component of the investment impairments was a $31.0 charge related to the impairment of our unconsolidated investment in a German advertising agency, Springer & Jacoby, as a result of a decrease in projected operating results.
Other Income (Expense)
      The following table sets forth the components of other income (expense):
                                   
    For the Three   For the Nine
    Months Ended   Months Ended
    September 30,   September 30,
         
    2005   2004   2005   2004
                 
        (Restated)       (Restated)
Gains (losses) on sales of businesses
  $ 0.1     $ (1.8 )   $ 12.7     $ (1.2 )
Gains on sales of available-for-sale securities and miscellaneous investment income
    0.8       1.1       7.3       4.0  
                         
 
Total other income (expense)
  $ 0.9     $ (0.7 )   $ 20.0     $ 2.8  
                         
      During the nine months ended September 30, 2005, we sold our remaining equity ownership interest in Delaney Lund Knox Warren & Partners, an agency within The FCB Group, for a gain of approximately $8.3, which was recorded during the first quarter of 2005. The remaining balance of income from the sales of businesses as well as investment income relates to a number of immaterial transactions.
Note 10: Recent Accounting Standards
      In May 2005, SFAS No. 154, Accounting Changes and Error Corrections, was issued, which replaces APB Opinion No. 20, Accounting Changes, and SFAS No. 3, Reporting Accounting Changes in Interim Financial Statements. Among other changes, SFAS No. 154 requires retrospective application of a voluntary change in accounting principle to prior period financial statements presented on the new accounting principle, unless it is impracticable to determine either the period-specific effects or the cumulative effect of the change. SFAS No. 154 also requires accounting for a change in method of depreciating or amortizing a long-lived nonfinancial asset as a change in accounting estimate (prospectively) affected by a change in accounting principle. Further, the Statement requires that corrections of errors in previously issued financial statements be termed a “restatement.” The new standard is effective for accounting changes and error corrections made in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2005. We do not expect the adoption of SFAS No. 154 to have a material impact on our Consolidated Balance Sheet or Statement of Operations.
      In March 2005, FASB Interpretation (“FIN”) No. 47, Accounting for Conditional Asset Retirement Obligations, was issued, an interpretation of SFAS No. 143, Accounting for Asset Retirement Obligations. FIN No. 47 clarifies the timing of liability recognition for legal obligations associated with the retirement of a tangible long-lived asset when the timing and/or method of settlement are conditional on a future event. The provisions of FIN No. 47 are effective no later than December 31, 2005. We do not expect the adoption of FIN No. 47 to have a material impact on our Consolidated Balance Sheet or Statement of Operations.
      In December 2004, SFAS No. 123R (revised 2004), Share-Based Payment, was issued, which replaces SFAS No. 123, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation, and supersedes APB Opinion No. 25,

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)
Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees. SFAS No. 123R requires all share-based payments to employees, including grants of employee stock options and the shares issued under our employee stock purchase plan to be recognized in the financial statements based on their fair values, as of the beginning of the first fiscal year that starts after June 15, 2005. We are required to adopt SFAS No. 123R effective January 1, 2006. The pro forma disclosures previously permitted under SFAS No. 123 will no longer be an alternative to financial statement recognition. In March 2005, Staff Accounting Bulletin (“SAB”) No. 107, Share-Based Payment, was issued regarding the SEC’s interpretation of SFAS No. 123R and the valuation of share-based payments for public companies. We are evaluating the requirements of SFAS No. 123R and SAB No. 107. The adoption of SFAS No. 123R may have a material impact on our Consolidated Financial Statements and EPS. At adoption, we plan to use the modified prospective method which requires expense recognition for all unvested and outstanding awards and any awards granted thereafter.
      In December 2004, FASB Staff Position (“FSP”) No. 109-2, Accounting and Disclosure Guidance for the Foreign Earnings Repatriation Provision within the American Jobs Creation Act of 2004, was issued which provides guidance under SFAS No. 109, Accounting for Income Taxes, with respect to recording the potential impact of the repatriation provisions of the American Jobs Creation Act of 2004 (the “Jobs Act”) on enterprises’ income tax expense and deferred tax liability. We have reviewed the provisions and, at this time, we have determined not to repatriate undistributed earnings of our foreign subsidiaries to the U.S. under this provision. Accordingly, we will not adjust our tax expense or deferred tax liability to reflect these provisions. However, we will continue to monitor our circumstances and if there is a change which will make the use of this provision advantageous, we will be able to adopt it prior to December 31, 2005.
      In December 2004, SFAS No. 153, Exchanges of Nonmonetary Assets, was issued, an amendment of APB Opinion No. 29, Accounting for Nonmonetary Transactions. SFAS No. 153 is based on the principle that exchanges of nonmonetary assets should be recorded and measured at the fair value of the assets exchanged. APB Opinion No. 29 provided an exception to its basic measurement principle (fair value) for exchanges of similar productive assets. Under APB Opinion No. 29, an exchange of a productive asset for a similar productive asset was based on the recorded amount of the asset relinquished. SFAS No. 153 eliminates this exception and replaces it with exceptions for exchanges of nonmonetary assets that do not have reasonably determinable fair values or commercial substance. SFAS No. 153 is effective for nonmonetary asset exchanges occurring in reporting periods beginning after June 15, 2005. The adoption of SFAS No. 153 did not have a material impact on our Consolidated Balance Sheet or Statement of Operations.
Note 11: Effective Income Tax Rate
      We recorded an income tax (benefit) of $(29.9) on a pretax loss of $124.2 for the three months ended September 30, 2005. Our effective tax rate was (24.1%). For the three months ended September 30, 2004, we recorded an income tax provision of $130.0, although we had a pretax loss of $370.9. The difference between the effective tax rate and statutory rate of 35% is due to state and local taxes and the effect of non-US operations. Several discrete items also impacted the effective tax rate in 2005. The most significant item negatively impacting the effective tax rate was the establishment of approximately $14.4 of valuation allowances on certain deferred tax assets, as well as on losses incurred in non-U.S. jurisdictions which receive no benefit. Other discrete items impacting the effective tax rates for 2005 and 2004 were restructuring charges and long-lived asset and investment impairment charges.

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)
      We recorded income tax provisions of $14.8 and $131.6 for the nine months ended September 30, 2005 and 2004, respectively, although we had a pretax loss in each period of $206.8 and $537.1, respectively. The difference between the effective tax rate and statutory rate of 35% is due to state and local taxes and the effect of non-US operations. Several discrete items also impacted the effective tax rate in 2005. The most significant item negatively impacting the effective tax rate was the establishment of approximately $60.2 of valuation allowances on certain deferred tax assets, as well as on losses incurred in non-U.S. jurisdictions which receive no benefit. Other discrete items impacting the effective tax rates for 2005 and 2004 were restructuring charges and long-lived asset and investment impairment charges.
Valuation Allowance
      As required by SFAS 109, Accounting for Income Taxes (“SFAS 109”), the Company evaluates the realizability of its deferred tax assets on a quarterly basis. SFAS 109 requires a valuation allowance be established when it is “more likely than not” that all or a portion of deferred tax assets will not be realized. In circumstances where there is “sufficient negative evidence”, establishment of a valuation allowance must be considered. A cumulative loss in the most recent three-year period represents sufficient negative evidence to consider a valuation allowance under the provisions of SFAS 109. As a result, the Company determined that certain of its deferred tax assets required the establishment of a valuation allowance. The deferred tax assets for which an allowance has been established relate primarily to foreign net operating loss, US capital loss, and foreign tax credit carryforwards.
      The realization of the Company’s remaining deferred tax assets is primarily dependent on future earnings. Any reduction in estimated forecasted results, including but not limited to any future restructuring activities may require that the Company record additional valuation allowances against the Company’s deferred tax assets on which a valuation allowance has not previously been established. The valuation allowance that has been established will be maintained until there is sufficient positive evidence to conclude that it is “more likely than not” that such assets will be realized. An ongoing pattern of profitability will generally be considered as sufficient positive evidence. The Company’s income tax expense recorded in the future will be reduced to the extent of offsetting decreases in the valuation allowance. The establishment and reversal of valuation allowances has had and could have a significant negative or positive impact on the future earnings of the Company.

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)
Note 12: Debt
Long-Term Debt
      A summary of our long-term debt is as follows:
                   
    September 30,   December 31,
    2005   2004
         
7.875% Senior Unsecured Notes due 2005
  $     $ 255.0  
Floating Rate Senior Unsecured Notes due 2008
    250.0        
5.40% Senior Unsecured Notes due 2009 (less unamortized discount of $0.3)
    249.7       249.7  
7.25% Senior Unsecured Notes due 2011
    499.1       500.0  
6.25% Senior Unsecured Notes due 2014 (less unamortized discount of $0.9)
    350.3       347.3  
4.50% Convertible Senior Notes due 2023
    800.0       800.0  
Other notes payable and capitalized leases
    40.2       42.1  
             
 
Total long-term debt
    2,189.3       2,194.1  
Less: current portion
    5.3       258.1  
             
Long-term debt, excluding current portion
  $ 2,184.0     $ 1,936.0  
             
      Long-term debt has a fair value of approximately $2,231.8 and $2,447.0 at September 30, 2005 and December 31, 2004, respectively.
Redemption and Repurchase of Long-Term Debt
      In August 2005, we redeemed the remainder of the outstanding 7.875% Senior Unsecured Notes with an aggregate principal amount of $250.0 at maturity at an aggregate price of approximately $258.6, which included the principal amount of the Notes plus accrued interest to the redemption date. To redeem these Notes we used the proceeds from the sale and issuance in July 2005 of $250.0 Floating Rate Notes due in July 2008.
Consent Solicitation
      In March 2005, we completed a consent solicitation to amend the indentures governing five series of our outstanding public debt to provide, among other things, that our failure to file with the trustee our SEC reports, including our 2004 Annual Report on Form 10-K and Quarterly Reports for the first and second quarter of 2005 on Form 10-Q, would not constitute a default under the indentures until September 30, 2005.
      The indenture governing our 4.50% Convertible Senior Notes (“4.50% Notes”) was also amended to provide for: (1) an extension from March 15, 2005 to September 15, 2009 of the date on or after which we may redeem the 4.50% Notes and (2) an additional “make-whole” adjustment to the conversion rate in the event of a change of control meeting specified conditions.
Convertible Senior Notes
      The 4.50% Notes are convertible to common stock at a conversion price of $12.42 per share, subject to adjustment in specified circumstances. They are convertible at any time if the average price of our

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)
common stock for 20 trading days immediately preceding the conversion date is greater than or equal to a specified percentage, beginning at 120% in 2003 and declining 0.5% each year until it reaches 110% at maturity, of the conversion price. They are also convertible, regardless of the price of our common stock, if: (i) we call the 4.50% Notes for redemption; (ii) we make specified distributions to shareholders; (iii) we become a party to a consolidation, merger or binding share exchange pursuant to which our common stock would be converted into cash or property (other than securities) or (iv) the credit ratings assigned to the 4.50% Notes by any two of Moody’s Investors Service, Standard & Poor’s and Fitch Ratings are lower than Ba2, BB and BB, respectively, or the 4.50% Notes are no longer rated by at least two of these ratings services. Because of our current credit ratings, the 4.50% Notes are currently convertible into approximately 64.4 shares of our common stock.
      We, at the investors’ option, may be required to redeem the 4.50% Notes for cash on March 15, 2008 and may also be required to redeem the 4.50% Notes at the investors’ option on March 15, 2013 and March 15, 2018, for cash or common stock or a combination of both, at our election. Additionally, investors may require us to redeem the 4.50% Notes in the event of certain change of control events that occur prior to March 15, 2008, for cash or common stock or a combination of both, at our election. If at any time on or after March 13, 2003 we pay cash dividends on our common stock, we will pay contingent interest in an amount equal to 100% of the per share cash dividend paid on the common stock multiplied by the number of shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of the 4.50% Notes. At our option, we may redeem the 4.50% Notes on or after September 15, 2009 for cash. The redemption price in each of these instances will be 100% of the principal amount of the notes being redeemed, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any. The 4.50% Notes also provide for an additional “make-whole” adjustment to the conversion rate in the event of a change of control meeting specified conditions.
Credit Arrangements
      We have committed and uncommitted lines of credit with various banks that permit borrowings at variable interest rates. At September 30, 2005 and December 31, 2004, there were no borrowings under our committed facilities, however, there were borrowings under the uncommitted facilities made by several of our international subsidiaries totaling $61.4 and $67.8, respectively. We have guaranteed the repayment of some of these borrowings by our subsidiaries.
      Our primary bank credit agreement is a three-year revolving credit facility (“Three-Year Revolving Credit Facility”). The Three-Year Revolving Credit Facility expires on May 9, 2007 and, as amended, provides for borrowings of up to $500.0, of which $200.0 is available for the issuance of letters of credit. The outstanding amount of letters of credit was $157.4 and $165.4 as of September 30, 2005 and December 31, 2004, respectively. Our $250.0 364-Day Revolving Credit Facility expired on September 30, 2005.
      The Three-Year Revolving Credit Facility was amended and restated on September 27, 2005 and amended as of October 17, 2005 to increase the amount that we may borrow under the facility by $50.0 to $500.0 and to add a lender. On November 7, 2005, we amended the Three-Year Revolving Credit Facility, effective as of September 30, 2005, to amend the financial covenants for the period ended September 30, 2005 and extend the period during which long-lived asset and impairment charges in an aggregate amount not to exceed $500.0 may be recognized but not included in the calculation of EBITDA. For a description of prior waivers and amendments, see Note 11 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in our 2004 Annual Report on Form 10-K/ A.
      The current terms of our Three-Year Revolving Credit Facility do not permit us: (i) to make cash acquisitions in excess of $50.0 until October 2006, or thereafter in excess of $50.0 until expiration of the

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)
agreement in May 2007, subject to increases equal to the net cash proceeds received during the applicable period from any disposition of assets or any business; (ii) to make capital expenditures in excess of $210.0 annually; (iii) to repurchase our common stock or to declare or pay dividends on our capital stock, except that we may declare or pay dividends in shares of our common stock, declare or pay cash dividends on our preferred stock, and repurchase our capital stock in connection with the exercise of options by our employees or with proceeds contemporaneously received from an issue of new shares of our capital stock; and (iv) to incur new debt at our subsidiaries, other than unsecured debt incurred in the ordinary course of business, which may not exceed $10.0 in the aggregate with respect to our US subsidiaries.
      The amended Three-Year Revolving Credit Facility also sets forth revised financial covenants. These require that, as of the fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2005 and each fiscal quarter thereafter, we maintain:
        (i) an interest coverage ratio of not less than that set forth opposite the corresponding quarter in the table below:
         
Fiscal Quarter Ending   Ratio
     
September 30, 2005
    1.95 to 1  
December 31, 2005
    1.75 to 1  
March 31, 2006
    1.85 to 1  
June 30, 2006
    1.45 to 1  
September 30, 2006
    1.75 to 1  
December 31, 2006
    2.15 to 1  
March 31, 2007
    2.50 to 1  
        (ii) a debt to EBITDA ratio of not greater than that set forth opposite the corresponding quarter in the table below:
         
Fiscal Quarter Ending   Ratio
     
September 30, 2005
    5.70 to 1  
December 31, 2005
    6.30 to 1  
March 31, 2006
    5.65 to 1  
June 30, 2006
    6.65 to 1  
September 30, 2006
    5.15 to 1  
December 31, 2006
    4.15 to 1  
March 31, 2007
    3.90 to 1  

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)
        (iii) minimum levels of EBITDA for the four fiscal quarters ended of not less than that set forth opposite the corresponding quarter in the table below:
         
Four Fiscal Quarters Ending   Amount
     
September 30, 2005
  $ 400.0  
December 31, 2005
  $ 360.0  
March 31, 2006
  $ 400.0  
June 30, 2006
  $ 340.0  
September 30, 2006
  $ 440.0  
December 31, 2006
  $ 545.0  
March 31, 2007
  $ 585.0  
      The terms used in these ratios, including EBITDA, interest coverage and debt, are subject to specific definitions set forth in the agreement. Under the definition set forth in the Three-Year Revolving Credit Facility, EBITDA is determined by adding to net income or loss the following items: interest expense, income tax expense, depreciation expense, amortization expense, and certain specified cash payments and non-cash charges subject to limitations on time and amount set forth in the agreement.
      We have in the past been required to seek and have obtained amendments and waivers of the financial covenants under our committed bank facilities. There can be no assurance that we will be in compliance with these covenants in future periods. If we do not comply and are unable to obtain the necessary amendments or waivers at that time, we would be unable to borrow or obtain additional letters of credit under the Three-Year Revolving Credit Facility and could choose to terminate the facility and cash collateralize any outstanding letters of credit. The lenders under the Three-Year Revolving Credit Facility would also have the right to terminate the facility, accelerate any outstanding principal and require us to provide a cash deposit in an amount equal to the total amount of outstanding letters of credit. The outstanding amount of letters of credit was $157.4 as of September 30, 2005. We have not drawn under the Three-Year Credit Facility over the past two years, and we do not currently expect to draw under it. So long as no amounts are outstanding under the Three-Year Revolving Credit Facility to accelerate, termination of the facility would not trigger the cross-acceleration provisions of our public debt.
Note 13: Convertible Preferred Stock
      We currently have two series of convertible preferred stock outstanding: our 5.375% Series A Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock and our 5.25% Series B Cumulative Convertible Perpetual Preferred Stock (“Series B Preferred Stock”).
      On October 24, 2005, we completed a private offering of 0.525 shares of our Series B Preferred Stock at an aggregate offering price of $525.0. The initial purchasers have an overallotment option to purchase an additional 0.075 shares, which expires on November 18, 2005. The net proceeds from the sale of the Series B Preferred Stock were approximately $507.3 after deducting discounts to the initial purchasers and the estimated expenses of the offering. We intend to use the net proceeds from the offering for general corporate purposes.
      The Series B Preferred Stock carries a dividend yield of 5.25%. Annual dividends of $52.50 on each share of Series B Preferred Stock are payable quarterly in cash or, if certain conditions are met, in common stock, at our option on January 15th, April 15th, July 15th and October 15th of each year. Dividends are cumulative from the date of issuance and are payable on each payment date to the extent that we are in compliance with our credit facility, assets are legally available to pay dividends and our

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)
Board of Directors or an authorized committee of our board declares a dividend payable. The dividend rate will be increased by 1.0% and all series of our preferred stock then outstanding will have the right to elect two additional directors to the board if we do not pay dividends on the Series B Preferred Stock for six quarterly periods (whether consecutive or not). The dividend rate will be similarly increased if we do not file our periodic reports with the SEC within the 15 days of the required filing date during the first two year period following the closing of the offering.
      Each share of the Series B Preferred Stock is convertible at the option of the holder at any time into 73.1904 shares (actual number of shares) of our common stock, subject to adjustment upon the occurrence of certain events, which represents a conversion price of approximately $13.66, representing a conversion premium of approximately 30% over our closing stock price on October 18, 2005 of $10.51 per share. On or after October 15, 2010, each share of the Series B Preferred Stock may be converted at our option if the closing price of our common stock multiplied by the conversion rate then in effect equals or exceeds 130% of the liquidation preference of $1,000 per share for 20 trading days during any consecutive 30 trading day period. The holders of the Series B Preferred Stock will have no voting rights except as set forth in the Certificate of Designations of the Series B Preferred Stock or as otherwise required by Delaware law from time to time. Holders of the Series B Preferred Stock will be entitled to an adjustment to the conversion rate if they convert their shares in connection with a fundamental change meeting certain specified conditions.
      The Series B Preferred Stock is, with respect to payments of dividends and rights upon liquidation, winding up or dissolution, junior to all of our existing and future debt obligations, on a parity with our 5.375% Series A Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock and senior to our common stock. There are no registration rights with respect to the Series B Preferred Stock, shares of our common stock issuable upon conversion thereof or any shares of our common stock that may be delivered in connection with a dividend payment.
Note 14: Employee Benefits
      The components of net periodic cost for pension and retiree medical plans are as follows:
                                                   
    Domestic Pension   Foreign Pension   Postretirement
    Plans   Plans   Benefits
             
    2005   2004   2005   2004   2005   2004
                         
        (Restated)       (Restated)       (Restated)
For the three months ended September 30,
                                               
Service cost for benefits earned
  $ 0.2     $ 0.2     $ 3.9     $ 4.1     $ 0.1     $ 0.1  
Interest accrued on benefit obligation
    2.1       2.2       5.2       4.5       0.9       1.0  
Expected return on plan assets
    (2.4 )     (2.5 )     (3.6 )     (3.0 )            
Amortization of:
                                               
 
Transition obligation
                0.1       0.1       0.1       0.1  
 
Unrecognized actuarial losses
    1.6       1.0       1.7       1.3       0.2       0.1  
                                     
Net periodic cost
  $ 1.5     $ 0.9     $ 7.3     $ 7.0     $ 1.3     $ 1.3  
                                     

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)
                                                 
    Domestic Pension       Postretirement
    Plans   Foreign Pension Plans   Benefits
             
    2005   2004   2005   2004   2005   2004
                         
        (Restated)       (Restated)       (Restated)
For the nine months ended September 30,
                                               
Service cost for benefits earned
  $ 0.6     $ 0.6     $ 11.9     $ 12.3     $ 0.3     $ 0.3  
Interest accrued on benefit obligation
    6.5       6.6       15.1       13.4       2.7       3.0  
Expected return on plan assets
    (7.2 )     (7.5 )     (10.4 )     (8.7 )            
Amortization of:
                                               
Transition obligation
                0.1       0.1       0.1       0.1  
Prior service cost
    (0.2 )     (0.2 )     0.1       0.1              
Unrecognized actuarial losses
    4.8       3.2       5.1       4.1       0.6       0.3  
                                     
Net periodic cost
  $ 4.5     $ 2.7     $ 21.9     $ 21.3     $ 3.7     $ 3.7  
                                     
      During the three months ended September 30, 2005, we made contributions of $0.4 and $7.4 to our domestic and foreign pension plans, respectively. During the nine months ended September 30, 2005, we made contributions of $0.9 and $16.5 to our domestic and foreign pension plans, respectively.
      We anticipate making contributions during the fourth quarter of 2005 of $0.0 and $6.3 to our domestic and foreign pension plans, respectively.
Note 15: Derivative and Hedging Instruments
      In January 2005, we entered into an interest rate swap which synthetically converted $150.0 of fixed rate debt to floating rates. The interest rate swap effectively converted $150.0 of the $500.0, 7.25% Senior Unsecured Notes due August 2011 to floating rate debt and matured on the same day the debt was due. Under the terms of the interest rate swap agreement we paid a floating interest rate, based on one-month LIBOR plus a spread of 297.0 basis points, and received the fixed interest rate of the underlying bond being hedged.
      On May 25, 2005, we terminated our three long-term interest rate swap agreements covering the $350.0, 6.25% Senior Unsecured Notes due November 2014 and our long-term interest rate swap agreement covering the $150.0 of the $500.0, 7.25% Senior Unsecured Notes due August 2011 described above. In connection with the termination, our net cash receipts were approximately $1.1, which will be recorded as an offset to interest expense over the remaining life of the related debt.
Note 16: Segment Information
      We are organized into five global operating divisions and a group of leading stand-alone agencies. In accordance with SFAS No. 131, Disclosures about Segments of an Enterprise and Related Information, our operating divisions are grouped into two reportable segments. The largest segment, Integrated Agency Networks (“IAN”), is comprised of McCann Worldgroup (“McCann”), The FCB Group (“FCB”), The Lowe Group (“Lowe”), Draft (“Draft”) and our stand-alone agencies. Our stand-alone agencies include Deutsch, Campbell-Ewald, Hill Holliday, and Mullen. IAN also includes our media agencies, Initiative Media and Magna Global which are part of our leading stand-alone agencies, and Universal McCann which is part of McCann. The second segment, Constituency Management Group (“CMG”), includes Weber Shandwick, DeVries, MWW FutureBrand, GolinHarris, Jack Morton and Octagon Worldwide.

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)
During the period ended September 30, 2004, we had a third reportable segment comprised of the Motorsports operations, which was sold during 2004.
      Certain corporate and other charges are reported as a separate line within total segment operating income and include corporate office expenses and shared service center expenses, as well as certain other centrally managed expenses which are not fully allocated to operating divisions, as shown in the table below. Salaries and related expenses include salaries, pension, bonus and medical and dental insurance expenses, for corporate office employees. Professional fees include costs related to internal control compliance and remediation, cost of restatement efforts, financial statement audits, legal, information technology and other consulting fees, which are engaged and managed through the corporate office. Professional fees also include the cost of temporary financial professionals associated with work on our restatement activities during 2005. Rent and depreciation includes rental expense and depreciation of leasehold improvements for properties occupied by corporate office employees. Corporate insurance expense includes the cost for fire, liability and automobile premiums. Bank fees relate to cash management activity administered by the corporate office. The amounts allocated to operating divisions are calculated monthly based on a formula that uses the weighted average net revenues of the operating unit. Amounts allocated also include specific charges for information technology related projects which are allocated based on utilization. The majority of the Corporate costs, including most of the costs associated with internal control compliance and remediation, are not allocated back to operating segments. The following expenses are included in Corporate and other:
                                 
    For the Three Months   For the Nine Months
    Ended September 30,   Ended September 30,
         
    2005   2004   2005   2004
                 
        (Restated)       (Restated)
Salaries, benefits and related expenses
  $ 39.6     $ 43.9     $ 131.4     $ 116.9  
Professional fees
    60.3       28.1       142.9       87.1  
Rent and depreciation
    12.3       8.9       34.6       27.9  
Corporate insurance
    6.2       8.3       19.8       23.7  
Bank fees
    0.5       0.3       1.6       2.0  
Other
    3.8       5.7       6.9       9.2  
Amounts allocated to operating divisions
    (48.0 )     (34.0 )     (124.8 )     (97.0 )
                         
Total Corporate and other
  $ 74.7     $ 61.2     $ 212.4     $ 169.8  
                         

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)
      Summarized financial information concerning our reportable segments is shown in the following table. Amounts disclosed as revenue from unaffiliated customers include immaterial amounts of intersegment revenues.
                                   
    For the Three Months   For the Nine Months
    Ended   Ended
    September 30,   September 30,
         
    2005   2004   2005   2004
                 
        (Restated)       (Restated)
Revenue:
                               
IAN
  $ 1,215.5     $ 1,256.5     $ 3,723.1     $ 3,699.2  
CMG
    226.3       226.0       663.6       674.9  
Motorsports
    0.4       36.6       2.0       47.2  
                         
Consolidated revenue
  $ 1,442.2     $ 1,519.1     $ 4,388.7     $ 4,421.3  
                         
Segment operating income (loss):
                               
IAN
  $ (37.4 )   $ 72.4     $ 41.3     $ 218.9  
CMG
    15.3       25.7       24.7       54.0  
Motorsports
    (0.2 )     0.6       1.0       (12.1 )
Corporate and other
    (74.7 )     (61.2 )   $ (212.4 )   $ (169.8 )
                         
 
Total segment operating income (loss)
  $ (97.0 )   $ 37.5     $ (145.4 )   $ 91.0  
                         
Reconciliation to loss before taxes:
                               
Restructuring charges
    0.9       (1.1 )     9.7       (66.6 )
Long-lived asset impairment and other charges
    (0.7 )     (307.6 )     (0.7 )     (316.4 )
Motorsports contract termination costs
          (33.6 )           (113.6 )
Interest expense
    (47.2 )     (42.7 )     (137.1 )     (128.6 )
Debt prepayment penalty
    (1.4 )           (1.4 )      
Interest income
    21.8       11.1       53.2       31.3  
Investment impairments
    (1.5 )     (33.8 )     (5.1 )     (37.0 )
Other income (expense)
    0.9       (0.7 )     20.0       2.8  
                         
 
Loss before income taxes
  $ (124.2 )   $ (370.9 )   $ (206.8 )   $ (537.1 )
                         
Depreciation and amortization:
                               
IAN
  $ 32.7     $ 35.1     $ 93.4     $ 106.0  
CMG
    3.2       3.2       14.6       16.6  
Corporate and Other
    4.6       3.4       13.6       12.6  
                         
 
Total depreciation and amortization
  $ 40.5     $ 41.7     $ 121.6     $ 135.2  
                         

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)
                   
    September 30,   December 31,
    2005   2004
         
Total assets:
               
IAN
  $ 9,252.0     $ 9,901.0  
CMG
    934.9       928.6  
Corporate and Other
    1,098.6       1,442.7  
             
 
Total assets
  $ 11,285.5     $ 12,272.3  
             
Note 17: Commitments and Contingencies
Shares Deliverable Under Securities Class Actions
      In the fourth quarter of 2004, we settled thirteen federal securities class actions against us and certain of our present and former directors and officers. Under the terms of the settlement, we have agreed to pay $115.0, comprised of $20.0 in cash and $95.0 in shares of our common stock at a value of $14.50 per share. On November 4, 2004, the court entered an order granting final approval of the settlement. The term of appeal for the settlement expired during the fourth quarter of 2004. During the fourth quarter of 2004, the $20.0 cash portion of the settlement was paid into escrow and 0.8 of the settlement shares were issued to the plaintiffs’ counsel as payment of their fee.
      In 2003, we recorded litigation charges of $115.0 related to the settlement of the shareholder suits discussed above. During the fourth quarter of 2004, the settlement was approved and the litigation charges were reduced by $20.0 due to insurance proceeds received as reimbursement for the cash component of the settlement from our Directors and Officers insurance policies and by $12.5 relating to a decrease in the share price between the tentative settlement date and the final settlement date.
SEC Investigation
      The SEC has been conducting a formal investigation into the restatement of our financial statements. The investigation originally addressed only the restatements we made in 2002, and in 2005 it expanded to encompass the restatement we made in September 2005. We are cooperating fully with the investigation.
Other Legal Matters
      We are involved in other legal and administrative proceedings of various types. While any litigation contains an element of uncertainty, we have no reason to believe that the outcome of such proceedings or claims will have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations, or our cash flows.
Note 18: Restatement
      On September 30, 2005, we filed our 2004 Annual Report on Form 10-K and our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q for the first and second quarters of 2005. These filings had been delayed because of the extensive additional work necessary to compensate for material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting and to complete a restatement of our previously reported financial statements. On October 17, 2005, we amended our 2004 Annual Report by filing a Form 10-K/ A to correct certain matters.

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)
      In our 2004 Annual Report on Form 10-K/ A, we restated our financial statements and other financial information for the years ended December 31, 2003, 2002, 2001 and 2000 and for the quarters ended March 31, June 30 and September 30 of 2004 and 2003. The restatement also affected periods prior to 2000, which is reflected as an adjustment to opening retained earnings as of January 1, 2000. The restatement adjustments relate to errors in accounting for revenue, acquisitions, leases, international compensation arrangements and goodwill impairment, as well as the results of internal investigations into employee misconduct and other miscellaneous adjustments. In connection with the restatement:
  •  We recognized total restatement adjustments as of September 30, 2004, the date for which we last published financial statements prior to the September 30, 2005 restatement, of approximately $550.0, or 27.5% of the previously reported September 30, 2004 stockholders’ equity balance.
 
  •  We recorded additional liabilities for vendor discounts or credits, internal investigations and international compensation agreements which amount to $242.3, $114.8 (including $37.5 of additional vendor discounts or credits) and $40.3, respectively, as of December 31, 2004. These amounts are estimates as of such date of our liabilities that we believe are sufficient to cover the obligations that we may have to our clients, vendors and various authorities in the jurisdictions involved. We estimate that we will pay approximately $250.0 related to these liabilities over the next 24 months. No material payments have been made through September 30, 2005.
 
  •  We disclosed the results of certain internal investigations into employee misconduct. Some of these investigations revealed instances of both unintentional errors in our accounting as well as the deliberate falsification of accounting records. The instances of deliberate falsification included evasion of taxes in certain jurisdictions outside the United States, inappropriate charges to clients, diversion of corporate assets, non-compliance with local laws and regulations, and other improprieties.
      As a result of the various disclosures that were made in our 2004 Annual Report on Form 10-K/A, we anticipate that the authorities in certain jurisdictions may undertake reviews to determine whether any of the activities disclosed violated local laws and regulations. This may lead to further investigations by various authorities including the tax authorities and the levy of potentially additional assessments including possible fines and penalties. While we intend to defend against any assessment that we determine to be unfounded, nevertheless we could receive assessments which may be substantial. However, it cannot be determined at this time whether such investigations would be commenced or, if they are, what the outcome will be with any reasonable certainty.
      For information on the restatement and the impact of the restatement on our financial statements for the period ended September 30, 2004, we refer you to Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, Note 2, Restatement of Previously Filed Financial Statements, and Note 20, Results by Quarter, in our 2004 Annual Report on Form 10-K/ A. In the 2004 Annual Report on Form 10-K/ A, we disclosed our expectation that we would sell certain agencies involved in the internal investigations we described in that report. In several countries, we plan on signing affiliation agreements with management including McCann agencies in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Bulgaria and an FCB agency in Spain, in addition to the McCann agency in Ukraine as previously disclosed.

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
      The following Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (“MD&A”) is intended to help you understand The Interpublic Group of Companies, Inc. and subsidiaries (the “Company”, “we”, “us” or “our”). MD&A is provided as a supplement to and should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and the accompanying notes. Our MD&A includes the following sections:
        OVERVIEW provides an analysis of our performance, and a description of the significant events impacting three and nine months ended September 30, 2005.
 
        RESULTS OF OPERATIONS provides an analysis of the consolidated and segment results of operations for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2005 compared to 2004.
 
        LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES provides an overview of our cash flows, financing and derivatives and hedging activities.
 
        INTERNAL CONTROL OVER FINANCIAL REPORTING provides a description of the status of our compliance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and related rules.
 
        RESTATEMENT provides an overview of our recent restatement of previously published financial statements.
 
        CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES, by reference to our 2004 Annual Report on Form 10-K/A, provides a discussion of our accounting policies that require critical judgment, assumptions and estimates.
 
        OTHER MATTERS provides a discussion of our significant non-operational items which impact our financial statements, such as the SEC investigation.
 
        RECENT ACCOUNTING STANDARDS, by reference to Note 10 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, provides a description of accounting standards which we have not yet been required to implement and may be applicable to our operations, as well as those significant accounting statements which were adopted during 2005.
OVERVIEW
Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2005 Performance
      We have developed a number of financial priorities and targets that we use to measure our performance. The following are the performance priorities and analyses of our performance:
  •  We seek to accelerate organic revenue growth by strengthening collaboration among our agencies and increasing the number of marketing services used by each client. We have established a supplemental incentive plan, expanded internal tools and resources, and heightened internal communications aimed at encouraging collaboration. We analyze our performance by calculating the percentage increase in revenue related to organic growth between comparable periods.
 
  •  We seek to improve operating margin by increasing revenue and by controlling salaries and related expenses, as well as office and general expenses. We analyze our performance by comparing revenue to prior periods and measuring salaries and related expenses, as well as office and general expenses, as a percentage of revenue. We define operating margin as operating income divided by reported revenue.

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
                                 
    For the Three   For the Nine
    Months Ended   Months Ended
    September 30,   September 30,
         
    2005   2004   2005   2004
                 
Organic revenue growth (decline) % vs. prior year
    (2.6 )%     2.5 %           0.7 %
Operating margin %
    (6.7 )%     (20.1 )%     (3.1 )%     (9.2 )%
Salaries and related expenses as a % of revenue
    66.8 %     60.9 %     65.9 %     61.3 %
Office and general expenses as a % revenue
    39.9 %     36.6 %     37.4 %     36.6 %
      Organic decline in revenue was 2.6% for the three months ended September 30, 2005, and organic change was minimal for the nine months ended September 30, 2005. For the three months ended September 30, 2005, domestic organic decline in revenue was 5.0% while our international organic growth in revenue was 0.5%. For the nine months ended September 30, 2005, domestic organic decline in revenue was 1.1% while our international organic growth in revenue was 1.4%.
      Operating margin improved for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2005 when compared to the prior year. For the three months ended September 30, 2005, operating margin improved due to lower asset impairments and other charges of $306.9 and reduced contract termination charges related to the Motorsports business of $33.6. The operating margin, however, was negatively impacted by decreased revenues of $76.9, increased salaries and related expenses of $38.5 and increased office and general expense of $19.1. Our increase in operating expenses was the result of additional staffing in continuing operations to improve the accounting and control environment, develop shared services, and to support revenue growth targets.
      Operating margin for the nine months ended September 30, 2005 improved due to lower asset impairments and other charges of $315.7, reduced contract termination charges related to the Motorsports business of $113.6, and decreased restructuring charges of $76.3. The operating margin, however, was impacted by increased salaries and related expenses of $182.5, decreased revenues of $32.6, and increased office and general expense of $21.3. Our increase in operating expenses was the result of additional staffing in continuing operations to improve the accounting and control environment, develop shared services, and to support revenue growth targets.
Significant 2005 Activity and Subsequent Events
Income Statement
  •  Total professional fees increased by $44.7 to $92.5 for the three months ended September 30, 2005. We expect that professional fees will be higher in the fourth quarter. Total professional fees increased $85.6 to $228.3 for the nine months ended September 30, 2005. Professional fees are included in office and general expenses on the Consolidated Statements of Operations. These increases related primarily to our ongoing efforts in internal control compliance and remediation, costs associated with the restatement process, the development of information technology systems and processes related to our shared services initiatives, and audit fees.
 
  •  Total salaries and related expenses increased by $38.5 to $963.8 for the three months ended September 30, 2005. Total salaries and related expenses increased by approximately $182.5 to $2,893.0 for the nine months ended September 30, 2005. These related primarily to additional staffing in continuing operations to improve the accounting and control environment, develop shared services, and to support revenue growth targets.

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
  •  Total charges of $14.4 and $60.2 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2005, respectively, were recorded to increase our valuation allowance for deferred income tax assets primarily relating to foreign net operating loss carry forwards. Refer to Note 11 of the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.
 
  •  Restructuring reversals of $0.9 and $9.7 were recorded for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2005, respectively, related to severance and termination costs and lease termination and other exit costs under the 2003 and 2001 restructuring programs. Restructuring reversals include $1.2 and $11.8 of income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2005, respectively, due to changes in our original estimates. Refer to Note 5 of the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.
Financing Activities
  •  We entered into waivers and amendments to our 364-Day and Three-Year Revolving Credit Facilities to waive any breach or default related to not complying in a timely manner with our reporting requirements. In addition, financial covenants with respect to our interest coverage ratio, debt to EBITDA ratio and minimum EBITDA for certain fiscal quarters were amended.
 
  •  In March 2005, we completed a consent solicitation to amend the indentures governing five series of our outstanding public debt to provide that our failure to timely file our SEC reports would not constitute a default under the indentures until September 30, 2005.
 
  •  In July 2005, we completed the issuance and sale of $250.0 Floating Rate Notes maturing 2008. We used the proceeds to redeem the 7.875% Senior Unsecured Notes maturing October 2005 with an aggregate principal amount of $250.0.
 
  •  Our Three-Year Revolving Credit Facility was amended and restated as of September 27, 2005. The amendment revises certain of the negative and financial covenants under our existing Three-Year Revolving Credit Facility.
Subsequent to September 30, 2005
  •  In October 2005, we entered into an amendment to our Three-Year Revolving Credit Facility to increase the amount that we may borrow by $50.0 to $500.0.
 
  •  In October 2005, we issued 0.525 shares of Series B Cumulative Convertible Perpetual Preferred Stock at an aggregate price of $525.0 with net proceeds totaling approximately $507.3, after deducting discounts to the initial purchasers and the estimated expenses of the offering.
 
  •  On November 7, 2005, we amended the Three-Year Revolving Credit Facility, effective as of September 30, 2005, to amend the financial covenants for the period ended September 30, 2005 and extend the period during which long-lived asset and impairment charges in an aggregate amount not to exceed $500.0 may be recognized but not included in the calculation of EBITDA.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
REVENUE
      As part of our restatement process, we issued accounting guidelines to our agencies to strengthen adherence to Staff Accounting Bulletin 104, Revenue Recognition. Our policies are further explained in our revenue recognition policy discussion in both MD&A and the footnotes to our Consolidated Financial

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
Statements in our 2004 Annual Report on Form 10-K/A. This accounting guidance governs the timing of when revenue is recognized. Accordingly, if work is being performed in a given quarter but there is insufficient evidence of an arrangement, the related revenue would be deferred to a future quarter when the evidence is obtained. However, our costs of services are primarily expensed as incurred, except that significant incremental direct costs may be deferred under a significant long term contract until it is complete. As revenue is deferred until completion of the contract in these circumstances and cash collection is assured and costs are primarily expensed as incurred, this will have a negative impact on our operating margin until the period in which the revenue can be recognized. While this will not affect cash flow, it will affect organic revenue growth and margins and this effect is likely to be greater in comparing quarters than in comparing full years.
      In addition, the Company also issued guidelines to our business units to strengthen adherence to EITF 99-19, Reporting Revenue Gross as a Principal Versus Net as an Agent. This accounting guidance governs when revenues should be recorded net of external media or production cost and when it should be recorded gross. This accounting is very contract specific and can vary period to period and agency by agency. Accordingly, while this accounting will not affect cash flow and profitability, it could affect organic changes in revenue.
      The components of the change were as follows:
                                                                   
    Total   Domestic   International
             
Three Months Ended   $ Change   % Change   $ Change   % Change   % of Total   $ Change   % Change   % of Total
                                 
September 30, 2004 (Restated)
    $1,519.1             $ 866.4               57.0 %   $ 652.7               43.0 %
                                                 
Foreign currency changes
    13.5       0.9 %                         13.5       2.1 %        
Net acquisitions/divestitures
    (50.7 )     (3.3 )%     (4.8 )     (0.6 )%             (45.9 )     (7.0 )%        
Organic
    (39.7 )     (2.6 )%     (43.2 )     (5.0 )%             3.5       0.5 %        
                                                 
 
Total change
    (76.9 )     (5.1 )%     (48.0 )     (5.5 )%             (28.9 )     (4.4 )%        
September 30, 2005
    $1,442.2             $ 818.4               56.7 %   $ 623.8               43.3 %
                                                 
      For the three months ended September 30, 2005, consolidated revenues decreased $76.9, or 5.1%, as compared to 2004, which was attributable to the effect of net acquisitions and divestitures of $50.7 and organic decrease in revenue of $39.7, partially offset by foreign currency exchange rate changes of $13.5.
      The increase due to foreign currency changes was primarily attributable to the strengthening of the Brazilian Real in relation to the US Dollar, which mainly affected our IAN segment. The effect of acquisitions and divestitures resulted largely from the sale of the Motorsports business and Transworld Marketing during 2004, offset by a 2004 acquisition at McCann.
      During 2005, the organic change in revenue of $39.7, or 2.6% was primarily driven by a decrease at IAN. The decrease at IAN was a result of client losses and decreased revenue from existing clients primarily in our US and European agencies, as well as the timing of revenue recognition which was

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
deferred in the current period primarily due to lack of persuasive evidence of arrangements with our customers.
                                                                   
    Total   Domestic   International
             
Nine Months Ended   $ Change   % Change   $ Change   % Change   % of Total   $ Change   % Change   % of Total
                                 
September 30, 2004 (Restated)
  $ 4,421.3             $ 2,526.3               57.1 %   $ 1,895.0               42.9 %
                                                 
Foreign currency changes
    53.3       1.2 %                         53.3       2.8 %        
Net acquisitions/divestitures
    (84.4 )     (1.9 )%     (13.7 )     (0.5 )%             (70.7 )     (3.7 )%        
Organic
    (1.5 )           (27.3 )     (1.1 )%             25.8       1.4 %        
                                                 
 
Total change
    (32.6 )     (0.7 )%     (41.0 )     (1.6 )%             8.4       0.4 %        
September 30, 2005
  $ 4,388.7             $ 2,485.3               56.6 %   $ 1,903.4               43.4 %
                                                 
      For the nine months ended September 30, 2005, consolidated revenues decreased $32.6, or 0.7% as compared to 2004, which was attributable to the effect of net acquisitions and divestitures of $84.4, offset by foreign currency exchange rate effects of $53.3.
      The increase due to foreign currency changes were primarily attributable to the strengthening of the Brazilian Real in relation to the US Dollar, which primarily affected our IAN segment. The net effect of acquisitions and divestitures resulted largely from the sale of the Motorsports business and Transworld Marketing during 2004, offset by a 2004 acquisition at McCann.
      During 2005, organic decline in revenue was minimal, with an increase at IAN offset by a decrease at CMG. The increase at IAN was a result of additional revenue from existing clients, primarily in our US and European agencies, offset by client losses and the timing of revenue recognition which was deferred in the current period due to lack of persuasive evidence of arrangements with our customers. At CMG, the organic decrease in revenue was due primarily to declines in the domestic branding and events production services businesses. These declines were offset by growth in their public relations business worldwide and events production services business internationally in Europe and Australia.
OPERATING (INCOME) EXPENSES
                                                   
    For the Three Months Ended September 30,        
             
    2005   2004        
        (Restated)        
                 
        % of       % of        
    $   Revenue   $   Revenue   $ Change   % Change
                         
Salaries and related expenses
  $ 963.8       66.8 %   $ 925.3       60.9 %   $ 38.5       4.2 %
Office and general expenses
    575.4       39.9 %     556.3       36.6 %     19.1       3.4 %
Restructuring charges (reversals)
    (0.9 )             1.1               (2.0 )     (181.8 )%
Long-lived asset impairment and other charges
    0.7               307.6               (306.9 )     (99.8 )%
Motorsports contract termination costs
                  33.6               (33.6 )      
                                     
 
Total operating (income) expenses
  $ 1,539.0             $ 1,823.9             $ (284.9 )     (15.6 )%
                                     

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
                                                   
    For the Nine Months Ended September 30,        
             
    2005   2004        
        (Restated)        
                 
        % of       % of        
    $   Revenue   $   Revenue   $ Change   % Change
                         
Salaries and related expenses
  $ 2,893.0       65.9 %   $ 2,710.5       61.3 %   $ 182.5       6.7 %
Office and general expenses
    1,641.1       37.4 %     1,619.8       36.6 %     21.3       1.3 %
Restructuring charges (reversals)
    (9.7 )             66.6               (76.3 )     (114.6 )%
Long-lived asset impairment and other charges
    0.7               316.4               (315.7 )     (99.8 )%
Motorsports contract termination costs
                  113.6               (113.6 )      
                                     
 
Total operating (income) expenses
  $ 4,525.1             $ 4,826.9             $ (301.8 )     (6.3 )%
                                     
Salaries and Related Expenses
      Salaries and related expenses are the largest component of operating expenses and consist primarily of salaries, related benefits, and performance incentives. During the three months ended September 30, 2005, salaries and related expenses increased to 66.8% of revenue, compared to 60.9% in the prior year. During the nine months ended September 30, 2005, salaries and related expenses increased to 65.9% of revenues, compared to 61.3% in the prior year. The components of the change were as follows:
                                                 
    For the Three Months Ended   For the Nine Months Ended
         
    Total       Total    
        % of       % of
    $   % Change   Revenue   $   % Change   Revenue
                         
September 30, 2004 (Restated)
  $ 925.3               60.9 %   $ 2,710.5               61.3 %
                                     
Foreign currency changes
    7.3       0.8 %             29.5       1.1 %        
Net acquisitions/divestitures
    (7.1 )     (0.8 )%             (26.4 )     (1.0 )%        
Organic
    38.3       4.1 %             179.4       6.6 %        
                                     
Total change
    38.5       4.2 %             182.5       6.7 %        
September 30, 2005
  $ 963.8               66.8 %   $ 2,893.0               65.9 %
                                     
Three Months Ended
      For the three months ended September 30, 2005, salaries and related expenses increased $38.3, excluding the increase related to foreign currency exchange rate changes of $7.3 and a decrease related to net acquisitions and divestitures of $7.1.
      Salaries and related expenses were impacted by changes in foreign currency rates, attributable to the strengthening of the Brazilian Real in relation to the US Dollar. The increase due to foreign currency rate changes was partially offset by impact of net acquisitions and dispositions, primarily the sale of Marketing Drive, Transworld Marketing, and the Motorsports business, during 2004, offset by a 2004 acquisition at McCann.
      The increase in salaries and related expenses excluding the impact of foreign currency and net acquisitions and divestitures was primarily the result of additional staffing in continuing operations to improve the accounting and control environment, develop shared services, and to support revenue growth targets. Additionally, higher severance expense also contributed to this increase due to certain employee and management terminations outside our restructuring programs. The increase was offset by lower incentive compensation expenses driven by a timing difference in the way incentive compensation was

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
recognized. As a result of a change in compensation plans during 2004, incentive compensation was modified to a more formula driven calculation. This resulted in compensation expense being recorded more evenly throughout the year versus the old plan whereby the incentive was discretionary and expense was recorded later in the year.
Nine Months Ended
      For the nine months ended September 30, 2005, salaries and related expenses increased $179.4, excluding the increase related to foreign currency exchange rate changes of $29.5 and a decrease related to net acquisitions and divestitures of $26.4.
      Salaries and related expenses were impacted by changes in foreign currency rates, attributable to the strengthening of the Brazilian Real in relation to the US Dollar. The increase due to foreign currency rate changes was partially offset by the impact of net acquisitions and dispositions, primarily due to the sale of the Motorsports business, Transworld Marketing, and Marketing Drive, offset by a 2004 acquisition at McCann.
      The increase in salaries and related expenses excluding the impact of foreign currency and net acquisitions and divestitures was primarily the result of additional staffing in continuing operations to improve the accounting and control environment, develop shared services, and to support revenue growth targets. Additionally, higher severance expense also contributed to this increase due to certain employee and management terminations outside our restructuring programs. The increase was offset by lower incentive compensation expenses due to decreased performance, and a decrease in pension expense.
Office and General Expenses
      Office and general expenses primarily consists of rent, office and equipment, depreciation, professional fees, other overhead expenses and certain out-of-pocket expenses related to our revenue. During the three months ended September 30, 2005, office and general expenses increased to 39.9% of revenue, compared to 36.6% in the prior year. During the nine months ended September 30, 2005, office and general expenses increased to 37.4% of revenue, as compared to 36.6% in the prior year. The components of the change were as follows:
                                                 
    For the Three Months Ended   For the Nine Months Ended
         
    Total       Total    
        % of       % of
    $   % Change   Revenue   $   % Change   Revenue
                         
September 30, 2004 (Restated)
  $ 556.3               36.6 %   $ 1,619.8               36.6 %
                                     
Foreign currency changes
    5.1       0.9 %             20.0       1.2 %        
Net acquisitions/divestitures
    (41.8 )     (7.5 )%             (75.5 )     (4.7 )%        
Organic
    55.8       10.0 %             76.8       4.7 %        
                                     
Total change
    19.1       3.4 %             21.3       1.3 %        
September 30, 2005
  $ 575.4               39.9 %   $ 1,641.1               37.4 %
                                     
Three Months Ended
      For the three months ended September 30, 2005, office and general expenses increased $55.8, excluding a decrease related to net acquisitions and divestitures of $41.8 and the increase related to foreign currency exchange rate changes of $5.1.

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
      Office and general expenses were impacted by net acquisitions and divestitures activity, primarily attributable to the sale of the Motorsports business and Transworld Marketing during 2004. The decrease due to the impact of net acquisitions and divestitures activity was partially offset by the impact of changes in foreign currency rates, attributable to the strengthening of the Brazilian Real in relation to the US Dollar.
      The increase in office and general expenses, excluding the impact of foreign currency and net acquisition and divestitures was primarily the result of an increase in professional fees from prior year driven by increased costs associated with the restatement process, the development of information technology systems and other processes related to our shared services initiatives, our ongoing efforts in internal control compliance and remediation, and increased audit fees. We expect that professional fees will be higher in the fourth quarter.
Nine Months Ended
      For the nine months ended September 30, 2005, office and general expenses increased $76.8, excluding the increase related to foreign currency exchange rate changes of $20.0 and a decrease related to net acquisitions and divestitures of $75.5.
      Office and general expenses were impacted by net acquisitions and divestitures activity, primarily attributable to the sale of the Motorsports business and Transworld Marketing during 2004. The decrease due to the impact of net acquisitions and divestitures activity was partially offset by the impact of changes in foreign currency rates, attributable to the strengthening of the Brazilian Real in relation to the US Dollar.
      The significant increase in office and general expenses, excluding the impact of foreign currency and net acquisition and divestitures was primarily the result of higher professional fees driven by our ongoing efforts in internal control compliance and remediation, increased costs associated with the restatement process, the development of information technology systems and processes related to our shared services initiatives, and increased audit fees. This was slightly offset by lower occupancy and facility costs as compared to the prior year.
Restructuring Charges (Reversals)
      During the three months ended September 30, 2005 and 2004, we recorded net (reversals) and charges related to lease termination and other exit costs and severance and termination costs for the 2003 and 2001 restructuring programs of ($0.9) and $1.1, respectively, which included the impact of adjustments resulting from changes in management’s estimates as described below. For the nine months ended September 30, 2005 and 2004, we recorded net (reversals) and charges of ($9.7) and $66.6, respectively. A summary of the net (reversals) and charges is as follows:
                                                         
    For the Three Months Ended September 30,    
         
    Lease Termination and   Severance and    
    Other Exit Costs   Termination Costs    
             
    2003   2001       2003   2001        
    Program   Program   Total   Program   Program   Total   Total
                             
2005 Restructuring Charges (Reversals)
  $ (1.1 )   $ 0.6     $ (0.5 )   $ (0.4 )   $     $ (0.4 )   $ (0.9 )
                                           
2004 Restructuring Charges (Reversals) (Restated)
  $ 1.9     $ 0.2     $ 2.1     $ (0.9 )   $ (0.1 )   $ (1.0 )   $ 1.1  
                                           

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
                                                         
    For the Nine Months Ended September 30,    
         
    Lease Termination and   Severance and    
    Other Exit Costs   Termination Costs    
             
    2003   2001       2003   2001        
    Program   Program   Total   Program   Program   Total   Total
                             
2005 Restructuring Reversals
  $ (6.6 )   $ (2.3 )   $ (8.9 )   $ (0.8 )   $     $ (0.8 )   $ (9.7 )
                                           
2004 Restructuring Charges (Reversals) (Restated)
  $ 51.0     $ 0.8     $ 51.8     $ 19.9     $ (5.1 )   $ 14.8     $ 66.6  
                                           
Lease Termination and Other Exit Costs
Three Months Ended
      Net reversals related to lease termination and other exit costs for the three months ended September 30, 2005 were ($0.5), comprised of charges of $0.3, offset by adjustments to management estimates of ($0.8). Net charges for the three months ended September 30, 2004 were $2.1, comprised of charges of $9.8, offset by adjustments to management estimates of ($7.7). Charges were recorded at net present value net of estimated sublease rental income. The discount related to lease terminations is being amortized over the expected remaining term of the related lease and is the primary amount included as charges for the three months ended September 30, 2005. In addition, for the three months ended September 30, 2004, charges related to the vacating of four offices, located primarily in the US and Europe.
      In addition to amounts recorded as restructuring charges, we recorded charges of $0.6 during the three months ended September 30, 2004 related to the accelerated amortization of leasehold improvements on properties included in the 2003 program. These charges were included in office and general expenses on our Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Nine Months Ended
      Net reversals related to lease termination and other exit costs for the nine months ended September 30, 2005 were ($8.9), comprised of charges of $2.1, offset by adjustments to management estimates of ($11.0). Net charges for the nine months ended September 30, 2004 were $51.8, comprised of charges of $70.3, partially offset by adjustments to management estimates of ($18.5). Charges were recorded at net present value net of estimated sublease rental income. The discount related to lease terminations is being amortized over the expected remaining term of the related lease and is the primary amount included as charges for the nine months ended September 30, 2005. In addition, for the nine months ended September 30, 2004, charges were recorded for the vacating of 40 offices, located primarily in the US and Europe.
      In addition to amounts recorded as restructuring charges, we recorded charges of $10.9 for the nine months ended September 30, 2004, related to the accelerated amortization of leasehold improvements on properties included in the 2003 program. These charges were included in office and general expenses on our Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Severance and Termination Costs
Three Months Ended
      Net reversals related to severance and termination costs of ($0.4) for the three months ended September 30, 2005, resulted from the impact of adjustments to management’s estimates. Net reversals for

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
the three months ended September 30, 2004 were ($1.0), comprised of charges of $0.4, offset by adjustments to management estimates of ($1.4).
Nine Months Ended
      Net reversals related to severance and termination costs of ($0.8) for the nine months ended September 30, 2005, resulted from the impact of adjustments to management’s estimates. Net charges for the nine months ended September 30, 2004 were $14.8, comprised of charges of $24.9, partially offset by adjustments to management estimates of ($10.1).
      For additional information, see Note 5 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
Long-Lived Asset Impairment and Other Charges
      The following table summarizes the long-lived asset impairment and other charges:
                                                                                   
    For the Three Months Ended September 30,   For the Nine Months Ended September 30,
         
    2005   2004 (Restated)   2005   2004 (Restated)
                 
    IAN   IAN   CMG   Motorsports   Total   IAN   IAN   CMG   Motorsports   Total
                                         
Goodwill impairment
  $ 0.2     $ 216.2     $ 90.4     $     $ 306.6     $ 0.2     $ 220.2     $ 90.4     $     $ 310.6  
Fixed asset impairment
    0.5       0.1       0.4       0.4       0.9       0.5       1.1       0.4       2.7       4.2  
Other
          0.1                   0.1             1.6                   1.6  
                                                             
 
Total
  $ 0.7     $ 216.4     $ 90.8     $ 0.4     $ 307.6     $ 0.7     $ 222.9     $ 90.8     $ 2.7     $ 316.4  
                                                             
2004 Impairments
      IAN — During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2004, we recorded goodwill impairment charges of approximately $216.2 and $220.2 at The Partnership reporting unit, which was comprised of Lowe Worldwide, Draft, Mullen, Dailey & Associates and Berenter Greenhouse & Webster. Our long-term projections showed previously unanticipated declines in discounted future operating cash flows due to recent client losses, reduced client spending and declining industry valuation metrics. These discounted future operating cash flow projections caused the estimated fair values of The Partnership to be less than their book values. The Partnership was subsequently disbanded in the fourth quarter of 2004.
      CMG — During both the three and nine months ended September 30, 2004, we recorded goodwill impairment charges of approximately $90.4 at the CMG reporting unit, which is comprised of Weber Shandwick, Golin Harris, DeVries Public Relations and FutureBrand. The fair value of CMG was adversely affected by declining industry market valuation metrics, specifically, a decrease in the EBITDA multiples used in the underlying valuation calculations. The impact of the lower EBITDA multiples caused the calculated fair value of CMG goodwill to be less than the related book value.
Motorsports Contract Termination Costs
      As discussed in Note 4 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, during the three months ended September 30, 2004, we recorded a pretax charge of $33.6 related to a series of agreements with the British Racing Drivers Club regarding the termination of our remaining obligations in the United Kingdom. During the nine months ended September 30, 2004, we recorded a pretax charge of $113.6 related to a series of agreements with the British Racing Drivers Club and Formula One Administration

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
Limited which release us from certain guarantees and lease obligations in the United Kingdom. We have exited this business and do not anticipate any additional material charges.
EXPENSES AND OTHER INCOME
                                                                   
    For the Three Months           For the Nine Months        
    Ended September 30,           Ended September 30,        
                         
    2005   2004   $ Change   % Change   2005   2004   $ Change   % Change
                                 
        (Restated)               (Restated)        
Interest expense
  $ (47.2 )   $ (42.7 )   $ (4.5 )     10.5 %   $ (137.1 )   $ (128.6 )   $ (8.5 )     6.6 %
Debt prepayment penalty
    (1.4 )           (1.4 )             (1.4 )           (1.4 )        
Interest income
    21.8       11.1       10.7       96.4 %     53.2       31.3       21.9       70.0 %
Investment impairments
    (1.5 )     (33.8 )     32.3       (95.6 )%     (5.1 )     (37.0 )     31.9       (86.2 )%
Other income (expense)
    0.9       (0.7 )     1.6       (228.6 )%     20.0       2.8       17.2       614.3 %
                                                 
 
Total
  $ (27.4 )   $ (66.1 )   $ 38.7       (58.5 )%   $ (70.4 )   $ (131.5 )   $ 61.1       (46.5 )%
                                                 
Interest Expense
      The increase in interest expense of $4.5 and $8.5 during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2005, respectively, was primarily due to waiver and consent fees incurred for the amendment of our existing debt agreements in 2005 and higher interest rates on newly issued debt when compared to extinguished debt.
Interest Income
      The increase in interest income of $10.7 and $21.9 during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2005, respectively, was primarily due to an increase in interest rates when compared to the prior year.
Investment Impairments
      We recorded investment impairments of $1.5 and $33.8 for the three months ended September 30, 2005 and 2004, respectively. We recorded investment impairments of $5.1 and $37.0 for the nine months ended September 30, 2005 and 2004, respectively. For the nine months ended September 30, 2005, the principal components of the investment impairments were a $3.6 charge related to a decline in value of certain available-for-sale investments that were determined to be other than temporary, recorded during the second quarter of 2005, as well as a $1.5 charge related to an impairment of an unconsolidated investment, which was recorded in the third quarter of 2005. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2004, the principal component of the investment impairments was a $31.0 charge related to the impairment of our unconsolidated investment in a German advertising agency, Springer & Jacoby, as a result of a decrease in projected operating results.

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
Other Income (Expense)
      The following table sets forth the components of other income (expense):
                                   
    For the Three   For the Nine
    Months Ended   Months Ended
    September 30,   September 30,
         
    2005   2004   2005   2004
                 
        (Restated)       (Restated)
Gains (losses) on sales of businesses
  $ 0.1     $ (1.8 )   $ 12.7     $ (1.2 )
Gains on sales of available-for-sale securities and miscellaneous investment income
    0.8       1.1       7.3       4.0  
                         
 
Total other income (expense)
  $ 0.9     $ (0.7 )   $ 20.0     $ 2.8  
                         
      During the nine months ended September 30, 2005, we sold our remaining equity ownership interest in Delaney Lund Knox Warren & Partners, an agency within The FCB Group, for a gain of approximately $8.3, which was recorded during the first quarter of 2005. The remaining balance of income from the sales of businesses as well as investment income relates to a number of immaterial transactions.
OTHER ITEMS
Income Taxes
      We recorded an income tax (benefit) of $(29.9) on a pretax loss of $124.2 for the three months ended September 30, 2005. Our effective tax rate was (24.1%). For the three months ended September 30, 2004, we recorded an income tax provision of $130.0, although we had a pretax loss of $370.9. The difference between the effective tax rate and statutory rate of 35% is due to state and local taxes and the effect of non-US operations. Several discrete items also impacted the effective tax rate in 2005. The most significant item negatively impacting the effective tax rate was the establishment of approximately $14.4 of valuation allowances on certain deferred tax assets, as well as on losses incurred in non-U.S. jurisdictions which receive no benefit. Other discrete items impacting the effective tax rates for 2005 and 2004 were restructuring charges and long-lived asset and investment impairment charges.
      We recorded income tax provisions of $14.8 and $131.6 for the nine months ended September 30, 2005 and 2004, respectively, although we had a pretax loss in each period of $206.8 and $537.1, respectively. The difference between the effective tax rate and statutory rate of 35% is due to state and local taxes and the effect of non-US operations. Several discrete items also impacted the effective tax rate in 2005. The most significant item negatively impacting the effective tax rate was the establishment of approximately $60.2 of valuation allowances on certain deferred tax assets, as well as on losses incurred in non-U.S. jurisdictions which receive no benefit. Other discrete items impacting the effective tax rates for 2005 and 2004 were restructuring charges and long-lived asset and investment impairment charges.
                                 
    For the Three Months   For the Nine Months
    Ended September 30,   Ended September 30,
         
    2005   2004   2005   2004
                 
        (Restated)       (Restated)
Provision for income taxes
  $ (29.9 )   $ 130.0     $ 14.8     $ 131.6  
                         
Effective tax rate
    (24.1 )%     35.0 %     7.2 %     24.5 %
                         

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
Minority Interest and Unconsolidated Affiliates
                                 
    For the Three   For the Nine
    Months Ended   Months Ended
    September 30,   September 30,
         
    2005   2004   2005   2004
                 
        (Restated)       (Restated)
Income applicable to minority interests (net of tax)
  $ (4.6 )   $ (4.4 )   $ (9.5 )   $ (11.2 )
                         
Equity in net income of unconsolidated affiliates (net of tax)
  $ 2.4     $ 2.3     $ 5.2     $ 4.7  
                         
      The decrease in income applicable to minority interests during the three months ended September 30, 2005 was minimal. The increase for the nine months ended September 30, 2005 was primarily due to lower operating results of majority-owned international businesses, primarily in Europe, and the sale of majority-owned businesses in Latin America.
      The increase in equity in net income of unconsolidated affiliates during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2005 was primarily due to increased operating results, primarily in the US and Latin America.
NET INCOME (LOSS)
                                                                 
    For the Three Months           For the Nine Months        
    Ended September 30,           Ended September 30,        
                         
    2005   2004   $ Change   % Change   2005   2004   $ Change   % Change
                                 
        (Restated)               (Restated)        
Loss from continuing operations
  $ (96.5 )   $ (503.0 )   $ 406.5       (80.8 )%   $ (225.9 )   $ (675.2 )   $ 449.3       (66.5 )%
Income from discontinued operations (net of tax)
          6.5       (6.5 )     (100.0 )%           6.5       (6.5 )     (100.0 )%
                                                 
Net Loss
  $ (96.5 )   $ (496.5 )   $ 400.0       (80.6 %)   $ (225.9 )   $ (668.7 )     442.8       (66.2 )%
Less: preferred stock dividends
    5.0       5.0                   15.0       14.8       0.2       1.4 %
                                                 
Net loss applicable to common stockholders
  $ (101.5 )   $ (501.5 )   $ 400.0       (79.8 )%   $ (240.9 )   $ (683.5 )   $ 442.6       (64.8 )%
                                                 
Loss from Continuing Operations
      For the three months ended September 30, 2005, our loss from continuing operations decreased by $406.5 or 80.8%. For the nine months ended September 30, 2005, our loss from continuing operations decreased by $449.3 or 66.5%. The decrease for the three months ended September 30, 2005 largely resulted from a decrease in operating expenses of $284.9, driven by lower impairment and restructuring costs, and a decrease in taxes of $159.9, offset by lower revenue of $76.9. The decrease for the nine months ended September 30, 2005 largely resulted from decreased operating expenses of $301.8, decreases in taxes of $116.8, offset by lower revenue of $32.6.
Income from Discontinued Operations (net of tax)
      In July 2004, we received $10.0 from Taylor Nelson Sofres plc (“TNS”) as a final payment with respect to the sale of NFO, which resulted in a $6.5 gain, net of tax. The results of NFO are classified as a discontinued operation in accordance with SFAS No. 144, Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
Long Lived Assets, and, accordingly, the results of operations and cash flows have been removed from our results of continuing operations and cash flows for prior periods.
Segment Results of Operations — Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2005 Compared to Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2004
      As discussed in Note 16 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, we have two reportable segments, our operating divisions, IAN and CMG, in addition to the Corporate group, at September 30, 2005. The largest segment, Integrated Agency Networks (“IAN”), is comprised of McCann Worldgroup (“McCann”), The FCB Group (“FCB”), The Lowe Group (“Lowe”), Draft (“Draft”) and our stand-alone agencies. Our stand-alone agencies include Deutsch, Campbell-Ewald, Hill Holiday and Mullen. IAN also includes our media agencies, Initiative Media and Magna Global which are part of our leading stand-alone agencies, and Universal McCann which is part of McCann. The second segment, Constituency Management Group (“CMG”), includes Weber Shandwick, DeVries, MWW FutureBrand, GolinHarris, Jack Morton and Octagon. During the period ended September 30, 2004, we had a third reportable segment comprised of the Motorsports operations, which was sold during 2004. The following table summarizes revenue and operating income by segment:
                                                                   
    For the Three Months           For the Nine Months        
    Ended September 30,           Ended September 30,        
                         
    2005   2004   $ Change   % Change   2005   2004   $ Change   % Change
                                 
        (Restated)               (Restated)        
Revenue:
                                                               
IAN
  $ 1,215.5     $ 1,256.5     $ (41.0 )     (3.3 )%   $ 3,723.1     $ 3,699.2     $ 23.9       0.6 %
CMG
    226.3       226.0       0.3       0.1 %     663.6       674.9       (11.3 )     (1.7 )%
Motorsports
    0.4       36.6       (36.2 )     (98.9 )%     2.0       47.2       (45.2 )     (95.8 )%
                                                 
 
Consolidated revenue
  $ 1,442.2     $ 1,519.1     $ (76.9 )     (5.1 )%   $ 4,388.7     $ 4,421.3     $ (32.6 )     (0.7 )%
                                                 
Segment operating income (loss):
                                                               
IAN
  $ (37.4 )   $ 72.4     $ (109.8 )     (151.7 )%   $ 41.3     $ 218.9     $ (177.6 )     (81.1 )%
CMG
    15.3       25.7       (10.4 )     (40.5 )%     24.7       54.0       (29.3 )     (54.3 )%
Motorsports
    (0.2 )     0.6       (0.8 )     (133.3 )%     1.0       (12.1 )     13.1       (108.3 )%
Corporate and other
    (74.7 )     (61.2 )     (13.5 )     22.1 %     (212.4 )     (169.8 )     (42.6 )     25.1 %
                                                                                   
    For the Three Months Ended September 30,
     
    2005   2004
         
    IAN   CMG   Motorsports   Corporate   Consolidated   IAN   CMG   Motorsports   Corporate   Consolidated
                                         
Reconciliation to segment operating income:
                                                                               
Consolidated operating income (loss)
  $ (36.6 )   $ 14.7     $ (0.2 )   $ (74.7 )   $ (96.8 )   $ (152.2 )   $ (58.4 )   $ (33.4 )   $ (60.8 )   $ (304.8 )
Less adjustments:
                                                                               
 
Restructuring charges
    1.5       (0.6 )                 0.9       (8.2 )     6.7             0.4       (1.1 )
 
Motorsports contract termination costs
                                              (33.6 )           (33.6 )
 
Long lived asset impairment and other charges:
    (0.7 )                       (0.7 )     (216.4 )     (90.8 )     (0.4 )           (307.6 )
                                                             
Segment operating income
  $ (37.4 )   $ 15.3     $ (0.2 )   $ (74.7 )           $ 72.4     $ 25.7     $ 0.6     $ (61.2 )        
                                                             

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
                                                                                   
    For the Nine Months Ended September 30,
     
    2005   2004
         
    IAN   CMG   Motorsports   Corporate   Consolidated   IAN   CMG   Motorsports   Corporate   Consolidated
                                         
Reconciliation to segment operating income:
                                                                               
Consolidated operating income (loss)
  $ 47.4     $ 27.0     $ 1.0     $ (211.8 )   $ (136.4 )   $ (45.1 )   $ (58.2 )   $ (128.4 )   $ (173.9 )   $ (405.6 )
Less adjustments:
                                                                               
 
Restructuring charges
    6.8       2.3             0.6       9.7       (41.1 )     (21.4 )           (4.1 )     (66.6 )
 
Motorsports contract termination costs
                                              (113.6 )           (113.6 )
 
Long lived asset impairment and other charges:
    (0.7 )                       (0.7 )     (222.9 )     (90.8 )     (2.7 )           (316.4 )
                                                             
Segment operating income
  $ 41.3     $ 24.7     $ 1.0     $ (212.4 )           $ 218.9     $ 54.0     $ (12.1 )   $ (169.8 )        
                                                             
INTEGRATED AGENCY NETWORKS (“IAN”)
REVENUE
      The components of the 2005 change were as follows:
                                                                   
    Total   Domestic   International
             
Three Months Ended   $   % Change   $   % Change   % of Total   $   % Change   % of Total
                                 
September 30, 2004 (Restated)
  $ 1,256.5             $ 725.2               57.7 %   $ 531.3               42.3 %
                                                 
Foreign currency changes
    12.7       1.0 %                         12.7       2.4 %        
Net acquisitions/divestitures
    (11.8 )     (0.9 )%     (4.6 )     (0.6 )%             (7.2 )     (1.4 )%        
Organic
    (41.9 )     (3.3 )%     (31.8 )     (4.4 )%             (10.1 )     (1.9 )%        
                                                 
 
Total change
    (41.0 )     (3.3 )%     (36.4 )     (5.0 )%             (4.6 )     (0.9 )%        
September 30, 2005
  $ 1,215.5             $ 688.8               56.7 %   $ 526.7               43.3 %
                                                 
      IAN experienced a net decrease in revenue as compared to 2004 of $41.0, or 3.3%, which was comprised of an organic decrease in revenue of $41.9 and a decrease attributable to net acquisitions and divestitures of $11.8, partially offset by an increase in foreign currency exchange rate changes of $12.7. The increase due to foreign currency was primarily attributable to the strengthening of the Brazilian Real in relation to the US Dollar, which mainly affected the results of McCann, FCB and Lowe. This increase was offset by the net effect of acquisitions and divestitures, primarily related to the disposition of Transworld Marketing during 2004, offset by a 2004 acquisition at McCann.
      The organic decrease in revenue was primarily driven by McCann and Deutsch, partially offset by an increase at Draft. At McCann, the organic decrease in revenue was a result of client losses and lower revenue from existing clients primarily at the US and European agencies. The decrease also related to the timing of revenue recognition which was deferred in the current period primarily due to lack of persuasive evidence of an arrangement. We expect to recognize this revenue in the fourth quarter. Deutsch experienced a decline in revenues primarily due to the loss of several clients and decreased revenue from continuing clients, partially offset by new client wins. Draft experienced growth mainly in the US and UK due to client wins and additional revenue from existing clients.

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
      The components of the 2005 change were as follows:
                                                                   
    Total   Domestic   International
             
Nine Months Ended   $   % Change   $   % Change   % of Total   $   % Change   % of Total
                                 
September 30, 2004 (Restated)
  $ 3,699.2             $ 2,095.1               56.6 %   $ 1,604.1               43.4 %
                                                 
Foreign currency changes
    49.5       1.3 %                         49.5       3.1 %        
Net acquisitions/ divestitures
    (28.5 )     (0.8 )%     (8.5 )     (0.4 )%             (20.0 )     (1.2 )%        
Organic
    2.9       0.1 %     2.4       0.1 %             0.5       0.0 %        
                                                 
 
Total change
    23.9       0.6 %     (6.1 )     (0.3 )%             30.0       1.9 %        
September 30, 2005
  $ 3,723.1             $ 2,089.0               56.1 %   $ 1,634.1               43.9 %
                                                 
      IAN experienced a net increase in revenue as compared to 2004 of $23.9, or 0.6%, which was comprised of an increase in foreign currency exchange rate changes of $49.5 and organic growth in revenue of $2.9, partially offset by a decrease attributable to net acquisitions and divestitures of $28.5. The increase due to foreign currency rate changes was primarily attributable to the strengthening of the Brazilian Real in relation to the US Dollar, which mainly affected the results of McCann, FCB and Lowe. The net effect of acquisitions and divestitures resulted largely from the disposition of Transworld Marketing during 2004, offset by a 2004 acquisition at McCann.
      The organic increase in revenue was primarily driven by Draft, Mullen and McCann, partially offset by decreases at Deutsch, Lowe and FCB. Draft experienced growth mainly in the US and UK due to client wins and additional revenue from existing clients. At Mullen, the organic change in revenue was a result of client wins and additional revenue from existing clients in the US. At McCann, the organic increase in revenue was as a result of client wins and additional revenue from existing clients primarily in the US and, to a lesser extent, European agencies. Deutsch and Lowe both experienced a decline in revenues primarily due to lost clients and a reduction in revenue from existing clients. In the case of Deutsch, revenue decline was offset by new client wins. FCB experienced a decline in revenues primarily due to lost clients, and a decrease in revenue from existing clients, partially offset by client wins. The decrease at FCB also related to the timing of revenue recognition which was deferred in the current period primarily due to unmet revenue recognition requirements, including lack of persuasive evidence. We expect to recognize some of this revenue in the fourth quarter.
SEGMENT OPERATING INCOME
                                                                 
    For the Three           For the Nine        
    Months Ended           Months Ended        
    September 30,           September 30,        
                         
    2005   2004   $ Change   % Change   2005   2004   $ Change   % Change
                                 
        (Restated)               (Restated)        
Segment operating income
  $ (37.4 )   $ 72.4     $ (109.8 )     (151.7 )%   $ 41.3     $ 218.9     $ (177.6 )     (81.1 )%
                                                 
Operating margin
    (3.1 )%     5.8 %                     1.1 %     5.9 %                
                                                 
Three Months Ended
      For the three months ended September 30, 2005, IAN operating income decreased by $109.8, or 151.7%, which was the result of a decrease in revenue of $41.0, an increase in salaries and related expenses of $42.0 and increased office and general expenses of $26.8.

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
      Decreased segment operating income, excluding the impact of foreign currency and net effects of acquisitions and divestitures, was primarily driven by decreases at McCann, FCB, Lowe, and Deutsch. Decreases in operating income at McCann was due to lower revenues coupled with higher salaries to support business growth in certain markets, increased severance expense due to changes in management in several markets, and higher professional fees. Operating income decreases at FCB were due to higher salaries and related expenses as well as professional fees. Operating results decreased at Lowe due to lower revenue and higher severance expense due to terminations. At Deutsch lower operating income resulted from a decline in revenue offset by lower salaries and incentive compensation expenses.
Nine Months Ended
      For the nine months ended September 30, 2005, IAN operating income decreased by $177.6, or 81.1%, which was the result of an increase in revenue of $23.9, offset by an increase in salaries and related expenses of $160.8 and increased office and general expenses of $40.7.
      The decrease in IAN’s operating income, excluding the impact of foreign currency and net effects of acquisitions and divestitures, was primarily driven by decreased operating income at FCB, McCann, Lowe, and Deutsch, offset slightly by an increase at Draft. Operating income decreases at FCB were due to higher salaries and related expenses as well as professional fees. The operating income decrease at McCann was caused by increased salary and related expenses, partially offset by the revenue increases. Both Lowe and Deutsch experienced lower revenues as compared to the prior year, as business growth declined. At Lowe, operating results were further affected by higher severance expenses whereas at Deutsch, lower salaries and incentive compensation expense impacted operating results. Offsetting these decreases was an increase in operating income at Draft resulting from increased revenues.
CONSTITUENCY MANAGEMENT GROUP (“CMG”)
REVENUE
      The components of the 2005 change were as follows:
                                                                   
    Total   Domestic   International
             
Three Months Ended   $ Change   % Change   $ Change   % Change   % of Total   $ Change   % Change   % of Total
                                 
September 30, 2004 (Restated)
  $ 226.0             $ 141.3               62.5 %   $ 84.7               37.5 %
                                                 
Foreign currency changes
    0.7       0.3 %           0.0 %             0.7       0.8 %        
Net acquisitions/divestitures
    (2.2 )     (1.0 )%     (0.2 )     (0.1 )%             (2.0 )     (2.4 )%        
Organic
    1.8       0.8 %     (11.8 )     (8.4 )%             13.6       16.1 %        
                                                 
 
Total change
    0.3       0.1 %     (12.0 )     (8.5 )%             12.3       14.5 %        
September 30, 2005
  $ 226.3             $ 129.3               57.1 %   $ 97.0               42.9 %
                                                 
      For the three months ended September 30, 2005, CMG experienced a net increase in revenue as compared to 2004 of $0.3, or 0.1%, which was comprised of an organic revenue increase of $1.8 and positive foreign currency exchange rate changes of $0.7 partially offset by decreases attributable to net acquisitions and divestitures of $2.2. The net effect of acquisitions and divestitures primarily related to the disposition of two small businesses in 2005 and 2004, respectively.
      The organic increase in revenue was due to an increase in the public relations and international events production services businesses, offset by a decrease in the domestic events production services and sports marketing businesses.

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
      The components of the 2005 change were as follows:
                                                                   
    Total   Domestic   International
             
Nine Months Ended   $ Change   % Change   $ Change   % Change   % of Total   $ Change   % Change   % of Total
                                 
September 30, 2004 (Restated)
  $ 674.9             $ 431.2               63.9 %   $ 243.7               36.1 %
                                                 
Foreign currency changes
    3.7       0.5 %           0.0 %             3.7       1.5 %        
Net acquisitions/divestitures
    (10.1 )     (1.5 )%     (5.2 )     (1.2 )%             (4.9 )     (2.0 )%        
Organic
    (4.9 )     (0.7 )%     (30.2 )     (7.0 )%             25.3       10.4 %        
                                                 
 
Total change
    (11.3 )     (1.7 )%     (35.4 )     (8.2 )%             24.1       9.9 %        
September 30, 2005
  $ 663.6             $ 395.8               59.6 %   $ 267.8               40.4 %
                                                 
      For the nine months ended September 30, 2005, CMG experienced a net decrease in revenue as compared to 2004 of $11.3, or 1.7%, which was largely comprised of decreases attributable to net acquisitions and divestitures of $10.1 and organic revenue decreases of $4.9, partially offset by positive foreign currency exchange rate changes of $3.7. The net effect of acquisitions and divestitures primarily related to the disposition of two and three small businesses in 2005 and 2004, respectively.
      The organic decline in revenue was due primarily to declines in the domestic branding and events production services businesses. These declines were offset by growth in the public relations business worldwide and events production services business internationally in Europe and Australia.
SEGMENT OPERATING INCOME
                                                                 
    For the Three           For the Nine        
    Months Ended           Months Ended        
    September 30,           September 30,        
                         
    2005   2004   $ Change   % Change   2005   2004   $ Change   % Change
                                 
        (Restated)               (Restated)        
Segment operating income
  $ 15.3     $ 25.7     $ (10.4 )     (40.5 )%   $ 24.7     $ 54.0     $ (29.3 )     (54.3 )%
                                                 
Operating margin
    6.8 %     11.4 %                     3.7 %     8.0 %                
                                                 
Three Months Ended
      For the three months ended September 30, 2005, CMG operating income decreased by $10.4, or 40.5%, which was the result of an increase in revenue of $0.3 and increased salaries and related expenses of $2.6, and office and general expenses of $8.1.
      The decrease in segment operating income, excluding the impact of foreign currency and net effects of acquisitions and divestitures, was primarily driven by higher costs for salaries and related expenses. Additional costs incurred are attributable to increased headcount in the growing public relations business. Segment operating income was positively impacted by $5.2 recorded as a year to date adjustment for the corporate allocation of certain incentive plan expenses.
Nine Months Ended
      For the nine months ended September 30, 2005, CMG’s operating income decreased by $29.3, or 54.3%, which was the result of a decrease in revenue of $11.3, increased salaries and related expenses of $14.6 and office and general expenses of $3.4.

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
      The decrease in segment operating income, excluding the impact of foreign currency rate and net effects of acquisitions and divestitures, was primarily driven by higher costs for salaries and related expenses. Additional costs incurred are attributable to increased headcount in the growing public relations business.
 
CORPORATE AND OTHER
      Certain corporate and other charges are reported as a separate line within total segment operating income and include corporate office expenses and shared service center expenses, as well as certain other centrally managed expenses which are not fully allocated to operating divisions, as shown in the table below. Salaries and related expenses includes salaries, pension, bonus and medical and dental insurance expenses for corporate office employees. Professional fees include costs related to internal control compliance and remediation, cost of restatement efforts, financial statement audits, legal, information technology and other consulting fees, which are engaged and managed through the corporate office. Professional fees also include the cost of temporary financial professionals associated with work on our restatement activities during 2005. Rent and depreciation includes rental expense and depreciation of leasehold improvements for properties occupied by corporate office employees. Corporate insurance expense includes the cost for fire, liability and automobile premiums. Bank fees relate to cash management activity administered by the corporate office. The amounts allocated to operating divisions are calculated monthly based on a formula that uses the weighted average net revenues of the operating unit. Amounts allocated also include specific charges for information technology related projects which are allocated based on utilization. The majority of the Corporate costs, including most of the costs associated with internal control compliance and remediation, are not allocated back to operating segments. The following expenses are included in Corporate & Other:
                                                                 
    For the Three           For the Nine        
    Months Ended           Months Ended        
    September 30,           September 30,        
                         
    2005   2004   $ Change   % Change   2005   2004   $ Change   % Change
                                 
        (Restated)               (Restated)        
Salaries, benefits and related expenses
  $ 39.6     $ 43.9     $ (4.3 )     (9.8 )%   $ 131.4     $ 116.9     $ 14.5       12.4 %
Professional fees
    60.3       28.1       32.2       114.6 %     142.9       87.1       55.8       64.1 %
Rent and depreciation
    12.3       8.9       3.4       38.2 %     34.6       27.9       6.7       24.0 %
Corporate insurance
    6.2       8.3       (2.1 )     (25.3 )%     19.8       23.7       (3.9 )     (16.5 )%
Bank fees
    0.5       0.3       0.2       66.7 %     1.6       2.0       (0.4 )     (20.0 )%
Other
    3.8       5.7       (1.9 )     (33.3 )%     6.9       9.2       (2.3 )     (25.0 )%
Amounts allocated to operating divisions
    (48.0 )     (34.0 )     (14.0 )     41.2 %     (124.8 )     (97.0 )     (27.8 )     28.7 %
                                                 
Total Corporate and other
  $ 74.7     $ 61.2     $ 13.5       22.1 %   $ 212.4     $ 169.8     $ 42.6       25.1 %
                                                 
      The increase in corporate and other expense of $13.5 or 22.1% for the three months ended September 30, 2005 is primarily related to an increase in professional fees as a result of costs associated with preparing for compliance with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, costs associated with the restatement process and related audit costs. Amounts allocated to operating divisions primarily increased due to the implementation of new information technology related projects and the consolidation of information technology support staff, the costs of which are now being allocated back to operating divisions.

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
      For the nine months ended September 30, 2005, corporate and other expense increase of $42.6 or 25.1% is primarily related to an increase in professional fees and salaries expense. The increase in salary expenses was the result of additional staffing in continuing operations to improve the accounting and control environment, and develop shared services. The increased professional fees are the result of costs associated with preparing for compliance with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, costs associated with the restatement process, and related audit costs. Amounts allocated to operating divisions primarily increased due to the implementation of new information technology related projects and the consolidation of information technology support staff, the costs of which are now being allocated back to operating divisions.
LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
CASH FLOW OVERVIEW
Operating Cash Flow
      Our cash used by operating activities was $365.1 for the nine months ended September 30, 2005, compared to $108.4 for the nine months ended September 30, 2004. The increase in cash used by operating activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2005 was primarily attributable to lower operational earnings levels in 2005 and the year to date change in liabilities as compared to the prior year.
      We conduct media buying on behalf of clients, which affects our working capital and operating cash flow. In most of our businesses, we collect funds from our clients which we use, on their behalf, to pay production costs and media costs. The amounts involved substantially exceed our revenues, and the current assets and current liabilities on our balance sheet reflect these pass-through arrangements. Our assets include both cash received and accounts receivable from customers for these pass-through arrangements, while our liabilities include amounts owed on behalf of customers to media and production suppliers. Generally, we pay production and media charges after we have received funds from our clients, and our risk from client nonpayment has historically not been significant.
      We manage substantially all our domestic cash and liquidity centrally through the corporate treasury department. Each day, domestic agencies with excess funds invest these funds with corporate treasury and domestic agencies that require funding will borrow funds from corporate treasury. The corporate treasury department aggregates the net domestic cash position on a daily basis. The net position is either invested or borrowed. Given the amount of cash on hand, we have not had short-term domestic borrowings over the past two years.
      Outside the United States, some of the countries in which we have a large presence have cash pooling structures through which we manage cash and liquidity. Typically, excess funds are invested with our global cash pool. Likewise, country-based cash pools that require funding will borrow from the global cash pool or from local credit facilities. Any deficiencies in the global cash pool are typically funded by the corporate treasury department. Agencies which are not included in a cash pooling structure may have the ability to access local currency lines of credit, or can be funded by the corporate treasury department. This structure enables us to reduce our consolidated debt levels and minimize interest expense as well as assist with our foreign currency management.
Funding Requirements
      Our most significant funding requirements include: non-cancelable operating lease obligations, capital expenditures, payments in respect of past acquisitions, interest payments, preferred stock dividends, and taxes. We have not paid dividends on our common stock since 2002.

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MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
      We have no scheduled maturities of long-term debt until 2008, as a result of transactions undertaken in 2005. Our outstanding debt is described below under Long-Term Debt. In July 2005 we refinanced $250.0 of debt through July 2008 as described below under Redemption and Repurchase of Long-Term Debt.
      Our capital expenditures are primarily to upgrade computer and telecommunications systems and to modernize offices. Our principal bank credit facility limits the amounts we can spend on capital expenditures in any calendar year to $210.0. Our capital expenditures were $99.2 for the nine months ended September 30, 2005.
      We are required to post letters of credit primarily to support commitments to purchase media placements primarily in locations outside the U.S or satisfy other obligations. We generally obtain these letters of credit from our principal bank syndicate under the credit facilities described under Credit Arrangements below. The outstanding amount of letters of credit was $157.4 and $165.4 as of September 30, 2005 and December 31, 2004, respectively. These letters of credit have not been drawn upon in recent years.
Sources of Funds
      At September 30, 2005 our total of cash and cash equivalents plus short-term marketable securities was $1,348.7. The total was $1,970.4 at December 31, 2004.
      We have financed ourselves through access to the capital markets by issuing debt securities, convertible preferred stock and common stock. Our outstanding debt securities are described under Long-Term Debt and Convertible Senior Notes below. As a result of the disclaimer of opinion by PwC on Management’s Assessment on Internal Control over Financial Reporting (see Item 9A, Controls and Procedures in our 2004 Annual Report on Form 10-K/ A), the SEC considers our SEC filings not to be current for purposes of certain of the SEC’s rules. As a result, we are unable to use “short-form” registration (registration that allows us to incorporate by reference our Form 10-K/ A, Form 10-Q and other SEC reports into our registration statements) or, for most purposes, shelf registration, until twelve complete months have passed after we file an annual report containing an audit report on internal control over financial reporting that does not disclaim an opinion.
      In July 2005, we issued $250.0 of Floating Rate Notes due 2008 in a placement to refinance maturing debt, as described below. In October 2005 we issued 0.525 shares of Series B Cumulative Convertible Perpetual Preferred Stock at an aggregate price of $525.0 with the proceeds to be used for general corporate purposes as described below under Convertible Preferred Stock.
      We have committed and uncommitted credit lines, and the terms of our revolving credit facility are described below. We have not drawn on our committed facilities over the past two years, although we use them to issue letters of credit, as described above. We maintain our committed credit facilities primarily as stand-by short-term liquidity. We use uncommitted credit lines for working capital needs at some of our operations outside the United States. If we lose access to these credit lines, we may be required to provide funding directly to some overseas operations.
Liquidity Outlook
      We expect our operating cash flow and cash on hand to be sufficient to meet our anticipated operating requirements for the next twelve months. We have no significant scheduled amounts of long-term debt due until 2008. We continue to have a level of cash and cash equivalents that we consider to be conservative, particularly after receiving proceeds of approximately $507.3 from our offering of Series B

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MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
Preferred Stock in October 2005. We consider this approach to be important as we address the consequences of the restatement, including increased cash requirements resulting, among other things, from the liabilities we have recognized in the restatement and from higher professional fees. We do not anticipate raising additional financing in the near term, although we regularly evaluate market conditions that would permit us to raise additional financing on favorable terms, in order to enhance our financial flexibility.
      Substantially all of our operating cash flow is generated by the agencies. Our liquid assets are held primarily at the holding company level, but also at our larger subsidiaries. The legal or contractual restrictions on our ability to transfer funds within the group, whether in the form of dividends, loans or advances, do not significantly reduce our financial flexibility.
FINANCING
Long-Term Debt
      A summary of our long-term debt is as follows:
                   
    September 30,   December 31,
    2005   2004
         
7.875% Senior Unsecured Notes due 2005
  $     $ 255.0  
Floating Rate Senior Unsecured Notes due 2008
    250.0        
5.40% Senior Unsecured Notes due 2009 (less unamortized discount of $0.3)
    249.7       249.7  
7.25% Senior Unsecured Notes due 2011
    499.1       500.0  
6.25% Senior Unsecured Notes due 2014 (less unamortized discount of $0.9)
    350.3       347.3  
4.50% Convertible Senior Notes due 2023
    800.0       800.0  
Other notes payable and capitalized leases
    40.2       42.1  
             
 
Total long-term debt
    2,189.3       2,194.1  
Less current portion
    5.3       258.1  
             
Long-term debt, excluding current portion
  $ 2,184.0     $ 1,936.0  
             
Redemption and Repurchase of Long-Term Debt
      In August 2005, we redeemed the remainder of the outstanding 7.875% Senior Unsecured Notes with an aggregate principal amount of $250.0 at maturity at an aggregate price of approximately $258.6, which included the principal amount of the Notes plus accrued interest to the redemption date. To redeem these Notes we used the proceeds from the sale and issuance in July 2005 of $250.0 Floating Rate Notes due in July 2008.
Convertible Senior Notes
      The 4.50% Convertible Senior Notes (“4.50% Notes”) are convertible to common stock at a conversion price of $12.42 per share, subject to adjustment in specified circumstances. They are convertible at any time if the average price of our common stock for 20 trading days immediately preceding the conversion date is greater than or equal to a specified percentage, beginning at 120% in 2003 and declining 0.5% each year until it reaches 110% at maturity, of the conversion price. They are also

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
convertible, regardless of the price of our common stock, if: (i) we call the 4.50% Notes for redemption; (ii) we make specified distributions to shareholders; (iii) we become a party to a consolidation, merger or binding share exchange pursuant to which our common stock would be converted into cash or property (other than securities) or (iv) the credit ratings assigned to the 4.50% Notes by any two of Moody’s Investors Service, Standard & Poor’s and Fitch Ratings are lower than Ba2, BB and BB, respectively, or the 4.50% Notes are no longer rated by at least two of these ratings services. Because of our current credit ratings, the 4.50% Notes are currently convertible into approximately 64.4 shares of our common stock.
      We, at the investors’ option, may be required to redeem the 4.50% Notes for cash on March 15, 2008 and may also be required to redeem the 4.50% Notes at the investors’ option on March 15, 2013 and March 15, 2018, for cash or common stock or a combination of both, at our election. Additionally, investors may require us to redeem the 4.50% Notes in the event of certain change of control events that occur prior to March 15, 2008, for cash or common stock or a combination of both, at our election. If at any time on or after March 13, 2003 we pay cash dividends on our common stock, we will pay contingent interest in an amount equal to 100% of the per share cash dividend paid on the common stock multiplied by the number of shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of the 4.50% Notes. At our option, we may redeem the 4.50% Notes on or after September 15, 2009 for cash. The redemption price in each of these instances will be 100% of the principal amount of the notes being redeemed, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any. The 4.50% Notes also provide for an additional “make-whole” adjustment to the conversion rate in the event of a change of control meeting specified conditions.
Credit Arrangements
      We have committed and uncommitted lines of credit with various banks that permit borrowings at variable interest rates. As of September 30, 2005 and December 31, 2004, there were no borrowings under our committed facilities, however, there were borrowings under the uncommitted facilities made by several of our international subsidiaries totaling $61.4 and $67.8, respectively. We have guaranteed the repayment of some of these borrowings by our subsidiaries.
      Our primary bank credit agreement is a three-year revolving credit facility (“Three-Year Revolving Credit Facility”). The Three-Year Revolving Credit Facility expires on May 9, 2007 and, as amended, provides for borrowings of up to $500.0, of which $200.0 is available for the issuance of letters of credit. Our $250.0 364-Day Revolving Credit Facility expired on September 30, 2005.
      The Three-Year Revolving Credit Facility was amended and restated on September 27, 2005 and amended as of October 17, 2005 to increase the amount that we may borrow under the facility by $50.0 to $500.0 and to add a lender. On November 7, 2005, we amended the Three-Year Revolving Credit Facility, effective as of September 30, 2005, to amend the financial covenants for the period ended September 30, 2005 and extend the period during which long-lived asset and impairment charges in an aggregate amount not to exceed $500.0 may be recognized but not included in the calculation of EBITDA. For a description of prior waivers and amendments, see Note 11 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in our 2004 Annual Report on Form 10-K/ A.
      The current terms of our Three-Year Revolving Credit Facility do not permit us: (i) to make cash acquisitions in excess of $50.0 until October 2006, or thereafter in excess of $50.0 until expiration of the agreement in May 2007, subject to increases equal to the net cash proceeds received during the applicable period from any disposition of assets or any business; (ii) to make capital expenditures in excess of $210.0 annually; (iii) to repurchase our common stock or to declare or pay dividends on our capital stock, except that we may declare or pay dividends in shares of our common stock, declare or pay cash dividends on our

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MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
preferred stock, and repurchase our capital stock in connection with the exercise of options by our employees or with proceeds contemporaneously received from an issue of new shares of our capital stock; and (iv) to incur new debt at our subsidiaries, other than unsecured debt incurred in the ordinary course of business, which may not exceed $10.0 in the aggregate with respect to our US subsidiaries.
      The Three-Year Revolving Credit Facility sets forth revised financial covenants. These require that, as of the fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2005 and each fiscal quarter thereafter, we maintain:
        (i) an interest coverage ratio of not less than that set forth opposite the corresponding quarter in the table below:
         
Fiscal Quarter Ending   Ratio
     
September 30, 2005
    1.95 to 1  
December 31, 2005
    1.75 to 1  
March 31, 2006
    1.85 to 1  
June 30, 2006
    1.45 to 1  
September 30, 2006
    1.75 to 1  
December 31, 2006
    2.15 to 1  
March 31, 2007
    2.50 to 1  
        (ii) a debt to EBITDA ratio of not greater than that set forth opposite the corresponding quarter in the table below:
         
Fiscal Quarter Ending   Ratio
     
September 30, 2005
    5.70 to 1  
December 31, 2005
    6.30 to 1  
March 31, 2006
    5.65 to 1  
June 30, 2006
    6.65 to 1  
September 30, 2006
    5.15 to 1  
December 31, 2006
    4.15 to 1  
March 31, 2007
    3.90 to 1  
        and (iii) minimum levels of EBITDA for the four fiscal quarters then ended of not less than that set forth opposite the corresponding quarter in the table below:
         
Four Fiscal Quarters Ending   Amount
     
September 30, 2005
  $ 400.0  
December 31, 2005
  $ 360.0  
March 31, 2006
  $ 400.0  
June 30, 2006
  $ 340.0  
September 30, 2006
  $ 440.0  
December 31, 2006
  $ 545.0  
March 31, 2007
  $ 585.0  
      The terms used in these ratios, including EBITDA, interest coverage and debt, are subject to specific definitions set forth in the agreement. Under the definition set forth in the Three-Year Revolving Credit Facility, EBITDA is determined by adding to net income or loss the following items: interest expense,

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
income tax expense, depreciation expense, amortization expense, and certain specified cash payments and non-cash charges subject to limitations on time and amount set forth in the agreement.
      We have in the past been required to seek and have obtained amendments and waivers of the financial covenants under our committed bank facilities. There can be no assurance that we will be in compliance with these covenants in future periods. If we do not comply and are unable to obtain the necessary amendments or waivers at that time, we would be unable to borrow or obtain additional letters of credit under the Three-Year Revolving Credit Facility and could choose to terminate the facility and cash collateralize any outstanding letters of credit. The lenders under the Three-Year Revolving Credit Facility would also have the right to terminate the facility, accelerate any outstanding principal and require us to provide a cash deposit in an amount equal to the total amount of outstanding letters of credit. The outstanding amount of letters of credit was $157.4 as of September 30, 2005. We have not drawn under the Three-Year Credit Facility over the past two years, and we do not currently expect to draw under it. So long as no amounts are outstanding under the Three-Year Revolving Credit Facility to accelerate, termination of the facility would not trigger the cross-acceleration provisions of our public debt.
Credit Agency Ratings
      On September 30, 2005, Moody’s Investors Service downgraded our long-term debt credit rating from Baa3 with negative outlook to Ba1 with negative outlook and removed us from credit watch. On September 30, 2005, Standard & Poor’s downgraded our rating from BB- with negative outlook to B+ with negative outlook. On October 20, 2005, Standard & Poor’s removed us from credit watch. On October 13, 2005, Fitch Ratings reaffirmed its rating of B+, changed their outlook from negative to stable, and removed us from credit watch. A downgrade in our credit ratings could adversely affect our ability to access capital and would likely result in more stringent covenants and higher interest rates under the terms of any new indebtedness.
Convertible Preferred Stock
      We currently have two series of convertible preferred stock outstanding: our 5.375% Series A Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock and our 5.25% Series B Cumulative Convertible Perpetual Preferred Stock (“Series B Preferred Stock”).
      On October 24, 2005, we completed a private offering of 0.525 shares of our Series B Preferred Stock at an aggregate offering price of $525.0. The initial purchasers have an overallotment option to purchase an additional 0.075 shares, which expires on November 18, 2005. The net proceeds from the sale of the Series B Preferred Stock were approximately $507.3 after deducting discounts to the initial purchasers and the estimated expenses of the offering. We intend to use the net proceeds from the offering for general corporate purposes.
      The Series B Preferred Stock carries a dividend yield of 5.25%. Annual dividends of $52.50 on each share of Series B Preferred Stock are payable quarterly in cash or, if certain conditions are met, in common stock, at our option on January 15th, April 15th, July 15th and October 15th of each year. Dividends are cumulative from the date of issuance and are payable on each payment date to the extent that we are in compliance with our credit facility, assets are legally available to pay dividends and our Board of Directors or an authorized committee of our board declares a dividend payable. The dividend rate will be increased by 1.0% and all series of our preferred stock then outstanding will have the right to elect two additional directors to the board if we do not pay dividends on the Series B Preferred Stock for six quarterly periods (whether consecutive or not). The dividend rate will be similarly increased if we do not

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
file our periodic reports with the SEC within the 15 days of the required filing date during the first two year period following the closing of the offering.
      Each share of the Series B Preferred Stock is convertible at the option of the holder at any time into 73.1904 shares (actual number of shares) of our common stock, subject to adjustment upon the occurrence of certain events, which represents a conversion price of approximately $13.66, representing a conversion premium of approximately 30% over our closing stock price on October 18, 2005 of $10.51 per share. On or after October 15, 2010, each share of the Series B Preferred Stock may be converted at our option if the closing price of our common stock multiplied by the conversion rate then in effect equals or exceeds 130% of the liquidation preference of $1,000 per share for 20 trading days during any consecutive 30 trading day period. The holders of the Series B Preferred Stock will have no voting rights except as set forth in the Certificate of Designations of the Series B Preferred Stock or as otherwise required by Delaware law from time to time. Holders of the Series B Preferred Stock will be entitled to an adjustment to the conversion rate if they convert their shares in connection with a fundamental change meeting certain specified conditions.
      The Series B Preferred Stock is, with respect to payments of dividends and rights upon liquidation, winding up or dissolution, junior to all of our existing and future debt obligations, on a parity with our 5.375% Series A Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock and senior to our common stock. There are no registration rights with respect to the Series B Preferred Stock, shares of our common stock issuable upon conversion thereof or any shares of our common stock that may be delivered in connection with a dividend payment.
DERIVATIVES AND HEDGING ACTIVITIES
      In January 2005, we entered into an interest rate swap which synthetically converted $150.0 of fixed rate debt to floating rates. The interest rate swap effectively converted $150.0 of the $500.0, 7.25% Senior Unsecured Notes due August 2011 to floating rate debt and matures on the same day the debt is due. Under the terms of the interest rate swap agreement we paid a floating interest rate, based on one-month LIBOR plus a spread of 297.0 basis points, and receive the fixed interest rate of the underlying bond being hedged.
      On May 25, 2005, we terminated our three long-term interest rate swap agreements covering the $350.0, 6.25% Senior Unsecured Notes due November 2014 and our long-term interest rate swap agreement covering the $150.0 of the $500.0, 7.25% Senior Unsecured Notes due August 2011, described above. In connection with the termination, our net cash receipts were approximately $1.1, which will be recorded as an offset to interest expense over the remaining life of the related debt.
INTERNAL CONTROL OVER FINANCIAL REPORTING
      In our 2004 Annual Report, we described numerous material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting and concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was not effective as of December 31, 2004. See Management’s Assessment of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting, in Item 8, Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, of our 2004 Annual Report on Form 10-K/ A. Each of our material weaknesses results in more than a remote likelihood that a material misstatement in our annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected.
      We are in the process of developing and implementing remedial measures to address the material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting. However, because of our decentralized structure and our many disparate accounting systems of varying quality and sophistication, we have extensive work

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MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
remaining to remedy these material weaknesses. While we continue to make progress, we have yet to complete the formal work plan for remedying the identified material weaknesses. At present, there can be no assurance as to when the remediation plan will be completed or when it will be implemented, but we expect that the remediation of our material weaknesses will extend into 2006 and possibly beyond. Until our remedial efforts are completed, we will continue to incur the expenses and management burdens associated with the manual procedures and additional resources required to prepare our consolidated financial statements. We discuss the risks arising from these circumstances in Item 1, Business — Risk Factors, in our 2004 Annual Report on Form 10-K/ A.
      The report of PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP (“PwC”), our independent registered public accounting firm, on our internal control over financial reporting disclaims an opinion on management’s assessment and on the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2004. Until we file an annual report containing an audit report on our internal control over financial reporting that does not disclaim an opinion on our assessment or on the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting, we are subject to certain limitations under the US federal securities laws as further described in Item 1, Business — Risk Factors, in our 2004 Annual Report on Form 10-K/ A.
RESTATEMENT
      On September 30, 2005, we filed our 2004 Annual Report on Form 10-K and our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q for the first and second quarters of 2005. These filings had been delayed because of the extensive additional work necessary to compensate for material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting and to complete a restatement of our previously reported financial statements. On October 17, 2005, we amended our 2004 Annual Report by filing a Form 10-K/ A to correct certain matters.
      In our 2004 Annual Report on Form 10-K/ A, we restated our financial statements and other financial information for the years ended December 31, 2003, 2002, 2001 and 2000 and for the quarters ended March 31, June 30 and September 30 of 2004 and 2003. The restatement also affected periods prior to 2000, which is reflected as an adjustment to opening retained earnings as of January 1, 2000. The restatement adjustments relate to errors in accounting for revenue, acquisitions, leases, international compensation arrangements and goodwill impairment, as well as the results of internal investigations into employee misconduct and other miscellaneous adjustments. In connection with the restatement:
  •  We recognized total restatement adjustments as of September 30, 2004, the date for which we last published financial statements prior to the September 30, 2005 restatement, of approximately $550.0, or 27.5% of the previously reported September 30, 2004 stockholders’ equity balance.
 
  •  We recorded additional liabilities for vendor discounts or credits, internal investigations and international compensation agreements which amount to $242.3, $114.8 (including $37.5 of additional vendor discounts or credits) and $40.3, respectively, as of December 31, 2004. These amounts are estimates as of such date of our liabilities that we believe are sufficient to cover the obligations that we may have to our clients, vendors and various authorities in the jurisdictions involved. We estimate that we will pay approximately $250.0 related to these liabilities over the next 24 months. No material payments have been made through September 30, 2005.
 
  •  We disclosed the results of certain internal investigations into employee misconduct. Some of these investigations revealed instances of both unintentional errors in our accounting as well as the deliberate falsification of accounting records. The instances of deliberate falsification included evasion of taxes in certain jurisdictions outside the United States, inappropriate charges to clients,

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THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS — (Continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
  diversion of corporate assets, non-compliance with local laws and regulations, and other improprieties.
      As a result of the various disclosures that were made in our 2004 Annual Report on Form 10-K/A, we anticipate that the authorities in certain jurisdictions may undertake reviews to determine whether any of the activities disclosed violated local laws and regulations. This may lead to further investigations by various authorities including the tax authorities and the levy of potentially additional assessments including possible fines and penalties. While we intend to defend against any assessment that we determine to be unfounded, nevertheless we could receive assessments which may be substantial. However, it cannot be determined at this time whether such investigations would be commenced or, if they are, what the outcome will be with any reasonable certainty.
      For information on the restatement and the impact of the restatement on our financial statements for the period ended September 30, 2004, we refer you to Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, Note 2, Restatement of Previously Filed Financial Statements, and Note 20, Results by Quarter, in our 2004 Annual Report on Form 10-K/ A. In the 2004 Annual Report on Form 10-K/ A, we disclosed our expectation that we would sell certain agencies involved in the internal investigations we described in that report. In several countries, we plan on signing affiliation agreements with management, including McCann agencies in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Bulgaria and an FCB agency in Spain, in addition to the McCann agency in Ukraine as previously disclosed.
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES
      Our significant accounting policies are described in Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for the year ended December 31, 2004 included in the 2004 Form 10-K/ A. Further, and as summarized in the Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations section of our 2004 Form 10-K/ A, we believe that certain of these policies are critical because they are both important to the presentation of our financial condition and results and they require management’s most difficult, subjective or complex judgments, often as a result of the need to estimate the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain. We base our estimates on historical experience and on other factors that we consider reasonable under the circumstances. Estimation methodologies are applied consistently from year to year and there have been no significant changes in the application of critical accounting policies since December 31, 2004. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.
OTHER MATTERS
SEC Investigation
      The SEC has been conducting a formal investigation into the restatement of our financial statements. The investigation originally addressed only the restatements we made in 2002, and in 2005 it expanded to encompass the restatement we made in September 2005. We are cooperating fully with the investigation.
RECENT ACCOUNTING STANDARDS
      Please refer to Note 10 to our Consolidated Financial Statements for a complete description of recent accounting pronouncements that have affected us or may affect us.

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Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
      In the normal course of business, we are exposed to market risks related to interest rates and foreign currency rates. From time to time, we use derivatives, pursuant to established guidelines and policies, to manage some portion of these risks. Derivative instruments utilized in our hedging activities are viewed as risk management tools, involve little complexity and are not used for trading or speculative purposes. See Note 15 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
Interest Rates
      Our exposure to market risk for changes in interest rates relates primarily to our debt obligations. At September 30, 2005, a significant portion (85.7%) of our debt obligations bore interest at fixed interest rates. Accordingly, assuming the fixed-rate debt is not refinanced, there would be no material impact on interest expense or cash flow from either a 10% increase or decrease in market rates of interest. The fair market value of the debt obligations would decrease by approximately $29.4 million if market rates were to increase by 10% and would increase by approximately $30.3 million if market rates were to decrease by 10%. For that portion of the debt that bore interest at variable rates, based on outstanding amounts and rates at September 30, 2005, interest expense and cash out-flow would increase or decrease by approximately $2.1 million if market rates were to increase or decrease by 10%, respectively. From time to time we have used interest rate swaps to manage the mix of our fixed and floating rate debt obligations. In May 2005, we terminated all our existing long-term interest rate swap agreements, and currently have none outstanding.
Foreign Currencies
      We face translation and transaction risks related to changes in foreign currency exchange rates. Amounts invested in our foreign operations are translated into US Dollars at the exchange rates in effect at the balance sheet date. Our foreign subsidiaries generally collect revenues and pay expenses in currencies other than the US Dollar, mitigating transaction risk. Since the functional currency of our foreign operations is generally the local currency, foreign currency translation of the balance sheet is reflected as a component of stockholders’ equity and does not impact operating results. Revenues and expenses in foreign currencies translate into varying amounts of US Dollars depending upon whether the US Dollar weakens or strengthens against other currencies. Therefore, changes in exchange rates may either positively or negatively affect our consolidated revenues and expenses (as expressed in US Dollars) from foreign operations. Currency transaction gains or losses arising from transactions in currencies other than the functional currency are included in results of operations and were not significant in the period ended September 30, 2005. We have not entered into a material amount of foreign currency forward exchange contracts or other derivative financial instruments to hedge the effects of adverse fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Disclosure Controls and Procedures
      We have carried out an evaluation under the supervision of, and with the participation of, our management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of September 30, 2005. Our evaluation has disclosed numerous material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting as disclosed in Management’s Assessment on Internal Control over Financial Reporting in Item 8, Financial Statement and Supplementary Data, to our 2004 Annual Report on Form 10-K/ A. Material weaknesses in internal controls may also constitute deficiencies in our disclosure controls. Based on an evaluation of these material weaknesses, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as of September 30, 2005. However, based on significant work performed to date, management believes that there are no material inaccuracies or

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omissions of material fact in this report. Management, to the best of its knowledge, believes that the financial statements contained in this report are fairly presented in all material respects.
      There are inherent limitations to the effectiveness of any system of disclosure controls and procedures, including the possibility of human error and the circumvention or overriding of the controls and procedures. Accordingly, even effective disclosure controls and procedures can only provide reasonable assurance of achieving their control objectives.
Changes in Internal Controls
      There have been no material changes in internal control over financial reporting in the three months ended September 30, 2005. We continue to develop a remediation plan to address the material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting. The development of our remediation plan is described in Management’s Assessment on Internal Control over Financial Reporting in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, of our 2004 Annual Report on Form 10-K/ A. We expect that implementation of this plan will extend into the 2006 fiscal year and possibly beyond.
PART II — OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
      We are involved in other legal and administrative proceedings of various types. While any litigation contains an element of uncertainty, we have no reason to believe that the outcome of such proceedings or claims will have a material adverse effect on our financial condition except as described below.
SEC Investigation
      The SEC has been conducting a formal investigation into the restatement of our financial statements. The investigation originally addressed only the restatements we made in 2002, and in 2005 it expanded to encompass the restatement we made in September 2005. We are cooperating fully with the investigation.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
      (a) The information provided below describes various transactions occurring during the quarter in which we issued shares of our common stock, par value $.10 per share, that were not registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, (the “Securities Act”).
        1. On July 12, 2005, we issued 25,319 shares of our common stock to four former shareholders of a company which we acquired in the third quarter of 2000 as a deferred payment of the purchase price. The shares of our common stock were valued at $315,879 on the date of issuance and were issued without registration in an “offshore transaction” and solely to “non-U.S. persons” in reliance on Rule 903(b)(3) of Regulation S under the Securities Act.
 
        2. On July 20, 2005, we issued 12,239 shares of our common stock to the former shareholder of a company which we acquired in the fourth quarter of 2000 as a final deferred payment of the purchase price. The shares of common stock were valued at $155,598 on the date of issuance and were issued without registration in an “offshore transaction” and solely to “non US persons” in reliance on Rule 903(b)(3) of Regulation S under the Securities Act.

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      (c) The following table provides information regarding our purchases of our equity securities during the period from July 1, 2005 to September 30, 2005:
                                 
                Maximum
                Number (or
                Approximate
                Dollar Value) of
            Total Number of Shares   Shares (or Units)
            (or Units) Purchased as   that May Yet Be
    Total Number of   Average Price   Part of Publicly   Purchased Under
    Shares (or Units)   Paid per Share   Announced Plans   the Plans or
    Purchased   (or Unit)(2)   or Programs   Programs
                 
July 1-31
    10,077 shares     $ 12.26              
August 1-31
    2,704 shares     $ 12.03              
September 1-30
    40,122 shares     $ 12.01              
                         
Total(1)
    52,903 shares     $ 12.06              
 
(1)  Consists of restricted shares of our common stock withheld under the terms of grants under employee stock compensation plans to offset tax withholding obligations that occurred upon vesting and release of restricted shares during each month of the third quarter of 2005 (the “Withheld Shares”).
 
(2)  The average price per month of the Withheld Shares was calculated by dividing the aggregate value of the tax withholding obligations for each month, by the aggregate number of shares of common stock withheld each month.
      (d) The terms of our Three-Year Revolving Credit Facility place certain restrictions on the use of our working capital and our ability to declare or pay dividends. The Three-Year Revolving Credit Facility restricts our ability (i) to make cash acquisitions in excess of $50,000,000 until October 2006, or thereafter in excess of $50,000,000 until expiration of the agreement in May 2007, subject to increases equal to the net cash proceeds received during the applicable period from any disposition of assets or any business; (ii) to make capital expenditures in excess of $210,000,000 annually; (iii) to repurchase our common stock or to declare or pay dividends on our capital stock, except that we may declare or pay dividends in shares of our common stock, declare or pay cash dividends on our preferred stock, and repurchase our capital stock in connection with the exercise of options by our employees or with proceeds contemporaneously received from an issue of new shares of our capital stock; and (iv) to incur new debt at our subsidiaries, other than unsecured debt incurred in the ordinary course of business, which may not exceed $10,000,000 in the aggregate with respect to our US subsidiaries.
      In addition, the terms of our outstanding series of preferred stock do not permit us to pay dividends on our common stock unless all accumulated and unpaid dividends have been or contemporaneously are declared and paid or provision for the payment thereof has been made.
Item 6. Exhibits
         
Exhibit No.   Description
     
  3(i)     Restated Certificate of Incorporation, as amended through October 24, 2005, of The Interpublic Group of Companies, Inc. (“Interpublic”).
  4(v)(A)     Fifth Supplemental Indenture, dated as of July 25, 2005, to the Indenture, dated as of November 12, 2004, between Interpublic and SunTrust Bank, with respect to the issuance of the Floating Rate Notes due 2008, is incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to Interpublic’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on July 26, 2005.
  4(v)(B)     Seventh Supplemental Indenture, dated as of August 11, 2005, to the Indenture, dated as of October 20, 2000, between Interpublic and The Bank of New York, as modified by the Third Supplemental Indenture, dated as of March 13, 2003, and the Sixth Supplemental Indenture, dated as of March 30, 2005, with respect to the 4.50% Convertible Senior Notes due 2023, is incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to Interpublic’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on August 15, 2005.

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Exhibit No.   Description
     
  4(v)(C)     Certificate of Designations of 5.25% Series B Cumulative Convertible Perpetual Preferred Stock of Interpublic, as filed with the Delaware Secretary of State on October 24, 2005, is incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to Interpublic’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on October 24, 2005.
  10(i)(A)     Amended and Restated 3-Year Credit Agreement, dated as of May 10, 2004, as amended and restated as of September 27, 2005, among Interpublic, the Initial Lenders Named Therein, and Citibank, N.A., as Administrative Agent (the “3-Year Credit Agreement”) is incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(i)(G) to Interpublic’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2004 filed with the SEC on September 30, 2005.
  10(i)(B)     Amendment No. 1, dated as of October 17, 2005, to the 3-Year Credit Agreement is incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to Interpublic’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on October 17, 2005.
  10(i)(C)     Amendment No. 2, dated as of September 30, 2005, to the 3-Year Credit Agreement.
  10(iii)(A)(1)     Employment Agreement, made as of July 13, 2005, by and between Interpublic and Frank Mergenthaler, is incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to Interpublic’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on July 19, 2005.
  10(iii)(A)(2)     Executive Severance Agreement, dated as of August 1, 2005, between Interpublic and Frank Mergenthaler, is incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to Interpublic’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on July 19, 2005.
  31.1     Certification, dated as of November 9, 2005 and executed by Michael I. Roth, under Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (“S-Ox”).
  31.2     Certification, dated as of November 9, 2005 and executed by Frank Mergenthaler, under Section 302 of S-Ox.
  32     Certification, dated as of November 9, 2005 and executed by Michael I. Roth and Frank Mergenthaler, furnished pursuant to Section 906 of S-Ox.

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SIGNATURES
      Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
  THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC.
  By  /s/ Michael I. Roth
 
 
  Michael I. Roth
  Chairman and Chief Executive Officer
Date: November 9, 2005
  By  /s/ Frank Mergenthaler
 
 
  Frank Mergenthaler
  Executive Vice President
  and Chief Financial Officer
Date: November 9, 2005

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INDEX TO EXHIBITS
         
Exhibit No.   Description
     
  3(i)     Restated Certificate of Incorporation, as amended through October 24, 2005, of The Interpublic Group of Companies, Inc. (“Interpublic”).
  4(v)(A)     Fifth Supplemental Indenture, dated as of July 25, 2005, to the Indenture, dated as of November 12, 2004, between Interpublic and SunTrust Bank, with respect to the issuance of the Floating Rate Notes due 2008, is incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to Interpublic’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on July 26, 2005.
  4(v)(B)     Seventh Supplemental Indenture, dated as of August 11, 2005, to the Indenture, dated as of October 20, 2000, between Interpublic and The Bank of New York, as modified by the Third Supplemental Indenture, dated as of March 13, 2003, and the Sixth Supplemental Indenture, dated as of March 30, 2005, with respect to the 4.50% Convertible Senior Notes due 2023, is incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to Interpublic’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on August 15, 2005.
  4(v)(C)     Certificate of Designations of 5.25% Series B Cumulative Convertible Perpetual Preferred Stock of Interpublic, as filed with the Delaware Secretary of State on October 24, 2005, is incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to Interpublic’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on October 24, 2005.
  10(i)(A)     Amended and Restated 3-Year Credit Agreement, dated as of May 10, 2004, as amended and restated as of September 27, 2005, among Interpublic, the Initial Lenders Named Therein, and Citibank, N.A., as Administrative Agent (the “3-Year Credit Agreement”) is incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(i)(G) to Interpublic’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2004 filed with the SEC on September 30, 2005.
  10(i)(B)     Amendment No. 1, dated as of October 17, 2005, to the 3-Year Credit Agreement is incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to Interpublic’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on October 17, 2005.
  10(i)(C)     Amendment No. 2, dated as of September 30, 2005, to the 3-Year Credit Agreement.
  10(iii)(A)(1)     Employment Agreement, made as of July 13, 2005, by and between Interpublic and Frank Mergenthaler, is incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to Interpublic’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on July 19, 2005.
  10(iii)(A)(2)     Executive Severance Agreement, dated as of August 1, 2005, between Interpublic and Frank Mergenthaler, is incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to Interpublic’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on July 19, 2005.
  31.1     Certification, dated as of November 9, 2005 and executed by Michael I. Roth, under Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (“S-Ox”).
  31.2     Certification, dated as of November 9, 2005 and executed by Frank Mergenthaler, under Section 302 of S-Ox.
  32     Certification, dated as of November 9, 2005 and executed by Michael I. Roth and Frank Mergenthaler, furnished pursuant to Section 906 of S-Ox.

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                                                                    EXHIBIT 3(i)

                      RESTATED CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION
                                       OF
                    THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC.
            Under Section 245 of the Delaware General Corporation Law


      We, PAUL FOLEY, President, and J. DONALD McNAMARA, Secretary of THE
INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC., a corporation existing under the laws of
the State of Delaware, do hereby certify under the seal of the said corporation
as follows:

      FIRST: The name of the Corporation is THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES,
INC. The name under which it was formed was "McCann-Erickson Incorporated".

      SECOND: The Certificate of Incorporation of the Corporation was filed with
the Secretary of State, Dover, Delaware, on the 18th day of September, 1930.

      THIRD: The amendments and the restatement of the Certificate of
Incorporation have been duly adopted in accordance with the provisions of
Sections 242 and 245 of the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware by
an affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of all outstanding shares
entitled to vote at a meeting of shareholders, and by an affirmative vote of the
holders of a majority of all outstanding shares of each class entitled to vote
separately as a class, and the capital of the Corporation will not be reduced
under or by reason of said amendment.

      FOURTH: The text of the Certificate of Incorporation of said The
Interpublic Group of Companies, Inc., as amended, is hereby restated as further
amended by this Certificate, to read in full, as follows:

            ARTICLE 1. The name of this Corporation is THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF
      COMPANIES, INC.

            ARTICLE 2. The registered office of the Corporation is located at
      306 South State Street in the City of Dover, in the County of Kent, in the
      State of Delaware. The name of its registered agent at said address is the
      UNITED STATES CORPORATION COMPANY.

            ARTICLE 3. The nature of the business of the Corporation and the
      objects or purposes to be transacted, promoted or carried on by it, are:

                  (a) To conduct a general advertising agency, public relations,
            sales promotion, product development, marketing counsel and market
            research business, to conduct research in and act as consultant and
            advisor in respect to all matters pertaining to advertising,
            marketing, merchandising and distribution of services, products and
            merchandise of every kind and description, and generally to transact
            all other business not forbidden by law, and to do every act and
            thing that may be necessary, proper, convenient or useful for the
            carrying on of such business.

                  (b) To render managerial, administrative and other services to
            persons, firms and corporations engaged in the advertising agency,
            public relations, sales promotion, product development, marketing
            counsel or market research business.

                  (c) To manufacture, buy, sell, create, produce, trade,
            distribute and otherwise deal in and with motion pictures,
            television films, slide films, video tapes, motion picture
            scenarios, stage plays, operas, dramas, ballets, musical comedies,
            books, animated cartoons, stories and news announcements, of every
            nature, kind and description.

                  (d) To undertake and transact all kinds of agency and
            brokerage business; to act as agent, broker, attorney in fact,
            consignee, factor, selling agent, purchasing agent, exporting or
            importing agent or otherwise for any individual or individuals,
            association, partnership or corporation; to conduct manufacturing
            operations of all kinds; to engage in the business of distributors,
            commission merchants, exporters and importers; to transact a general
            mercantile business.

                  (e) To acquire, hold, use, sell, assign, lease, grant